135 8668 8583


1. In this factory, suggestions often have to wait for months before they are fully _____.
A. admitted   B. acknowledged
C. absorbed   D. considered
[答案] D. considered
[注释] considered 考虑; admit 承认; absorb 吸收。
[注意]acknowledge 1) (=agree or admit the truth of; confess) 承认, 供认; A. He acknowledged his mistake. (他承认了他的错误。) B. 接动名词 He acknowledged having been beaten. (他承认被打败了。) 2) (express thanks for) 致谢; A. Mary acknowledged the gift with a pleasant letter. (玛丽致函感谢馈赠的礼物。) B. His long service with the company was acknowledged with a present. (向他赠送礼品以感谢他长期来对公司的服务。)
2. The boy slipped out of the room and headed for the swimming pool without his parents' _____.
A. command   B. conviction
C. consent     D. compromise
[答案] C. consent
[注释] consent 同意, 赞成, 答应。conviction 深信, 确信。compromise 妥协, 折中。command 命令, 指令; 掌握, 运用能力。
3. Our research has focused on a drug which is so _____ as to be able to change brain chemistry.
A. powerful     B. influential
C. monstrous    D. vigorous
[答案] A. powerful
[注释] powerful (=having or producing great power) 强有力的。在这里四个形容词中, 只有powerful (有效力的) 可与表示药物的名词搭配。influential 有影响的, 有势力的, monstrous 异常大的, vigorous 精力旺盛的, 强健有力的。
4. The lost car of the Lees was found _____ in the woods off the highway.
A. vanished    B. abandoned
C. scattered    D. rejected
[答案] B. abandoned
[注释] abandoned (=give up completely) 放弃, 抛弃; 1) The scientist abandoned his research for lack of fund. 2) The sailors abandoned the burning ship.
[注意]abandon 暗指某人对其所抛弃的人或物将会发生什么事情不感兴趣, 如把撞坏的汽车抛弃在路旁。vanish (=suddenly disappear; go out of existence) vi.消失, 绝迹; 1) The airplane vanished into the clouds.2) Many kinds of animals have vanished form the earth. (许多种类的动物已在地球上绝迹。)   scatter (=send, go in different direction) 驱使, 使分散; The police scattered the crowed. (警察驱散人群。) (=throw or put in various directions) 撒, 到处放; He scattered his clothes all over the room. reject (=refuse to accept) 拒绝接受; She rejected my suggestion.
5. Henry's news report covering the conference was so _____ that nothing had been omitted.
A. understanding        B. comprehensible
C. comprehensive        D. understandable
[答案] C. comprehensive
[注释] comprehensive 完全的无所不包的;comprehensible 能懂的, 可以理解的;understandable可以理解的, 主要用来指人的行为。understanding用来指人时, 表示"善于理解别人或别人问题的 (人) 。"注意下面的搭配:a comprehensive map (街区详图);a comprehensible remark (听得懂的话),an understandable mistake (可以理解的错误);an understanding friend (一位能理解人的朋友) 。
6. She was afraid that unless the train speeded up she would lose her _____ to Scotland.
A. ticket    B. place    C. seat    D. connection
[答案] D. connection
[注释] lose one's connection to 误了到......地方去的 (汽车、火车、轮船的) 联运; The train was late and I missed my connection.
7. The ship was _____ in a storm off Jamaica.
A. drowned    B. sunk   C. wrecked   D. submitted
[答案] C. wrecked
[注释] wreck vt. 撞坏, 毁坏; 1) My son wrecked my car. 2) My car was completely wrecked in the accident.
sink vt. 下沉, 沉没, 该动词也可作及物动词用, 意为“使下沉”, 但按本题句意看, 用被动语态不妥。 drown 溺死, 淹死: (vt.) He drowned his wife. (vi) He drowned in the river. (他在河里淹死了。) submit 1) (=put oneself under the control of another) 提交, 呈送 (to) : Should a wife submit herself to her husband? (妻子应顺从他丈夫吗?) 2) (=put forward for option, discussion, decision ect.) 提出 (供评论、讨论决定等) You must submit your request to the committee. 3) (=surrender (to) , give in) 屈服,投降:After being defeated, they submitted to the enemy. (打败后, 他们向敌人投降了。)
8. No one has _____ been able to trace the author of the poem.
A. still   B. yet   C. already   D. just
[答案] B. yet
[注释] yet 常用于现在完成时的否定句中, 意为“尚, 还”。
9. More than one-third of the Chinese in the United States live in California, _____ in San Francisco.
A. previously   B. predominantly
C practically   D. permanently
[答案] B. predominantly
[注释] predominantly (=mostly; mainly) 主要地。
previously (=coming earlier in time or order) 先前, 早先; This is better than any solution previously. (这个办法比以前提出的任何解决办法都好。) practically (=really; in a practical way) 实际上。permanently (=going on for a long time) 永久地。
本题译文:在美国, 华人中有三分之一居住在加利福尼亚洲, 其中主要是在旧金山。
10. The new secretary has written a remarkably _____ report only in a few pages but with all the details.
A. concise   B. clear   C. precise   D. elaborate
[答案] A. concise
[注释] concise (=brief; giving much information in few words) 简明扼要的:He gave a concise report of the meeting. (他对会议作了简明扼要的报道。) clear 清楚的。precise (=exact; correctly stated; free form error) 精确的, 明白无误的; Please tell me the precise measurements. (请告诉我精确的尺寸。) elaborate (=worked out with much care; carefully prepared) 精心制作的, 丰盛的:Peter worked out an elaborate scheme for raising the money. (彼得制定了一项详尽得计划来筹集着笔款项。) 孤立地看, 似乎4个形容词均能修饰report, 但从句子的逻辑关系看, 后半句中有only in a few pages but with all the details, 故concise 是最贴切的选择了。
11. The managing director took the _____ for the accident, although it was not really his fault.
A. guilt    B. charge    C. blame   D. accusation
[答案] C. blame
[注释]take the blame for 对......承担责任。Take charge of 负责管理 (照顾) 。
[注意]charge 前无冠词the.
12. The worker agreed to _____ the strike if the company would satisfy their demands.
A. call for    B. call forth    C. call off    D. call up
[答案] C. call off
[注释] 详见III,25,26注释。
13. I could just see a car in the distance, but I couldn't _____ what color it was.
A. look out     B. make out
C. get across    D. take after
[答案] B. make out
[注释] 详见III,123注释。
14. He has impressed his employers considerably and _____ he is soon to be promoted.
A. eventually    B. yet    C. finally    D. accordingly
[答案] D. accordingly
[注释]accordingly (=for that reason, therefore) 因此, 所以。
15. It was a great _____ for him to be pleasant to people he didn't like.
A. attempt    B. trouble   C. power    D. effort
[答案] D. effort
[注释] effort (作可数名词用) (=vigorous attempt) 努力的尝试:Does it require a great effort of will to give up smoking? (戒烟需要坚强的毅力吗?)
16. The firemen managed to _____ the fire in time.
A. extinguish    B. prevent    C. suppress    D. ruin
[答案] A. extinguish
[注释] extinguish (=put out) vt. 扑灭 (火焰等) 。Stop the fire虽然也可以搭配, 但按本句题意用extinguish为最佳。
17. What is most obvious in this book are all those details of daily living which make Mrs. Richard _____ common.
A. nothing but   B. anything but
C. above all     D. rather than
[答案] B. anything but
[注释] anything but (=far from being) 根本不; The boys knew they bad broken the rules, and they were anything but happy when they were called to the office. (=They were unhappy and afraid.) nothing but 只不过; Don't have him for a friend; he's nothing but a criminal. (不要把他当朋友, 他只不过是个罪犯。) I have nothing but two dollars. (我只有2美元。) above all最重要的。rather than 而不是.
18. The car was completely _____ and the driver seriously injured.
A. broken off   B. taken off
C. written off   D. picked up
[答案] C. written off
[注释] write off报废, 参看III, 200.注释; break off参看III.13.注释; take off参看III.170.注释; pick up参看III.130,129.注释。
19. On this happy occasion, I'd like to say that we are _____ much obliged to you for your kind cooperation.
A. even so   B. ever so   C. as yet   D. so far
[答案] B. ever so
[注释]ever so (=very) 非常; It's ever so cold.与名词搭配时则用ever such, 如:She's ever such a nice girl. (她是一位非常好的姑娘。) even so (=although that is true, nevertheless; still) 即使如此:The fire was out, but even so, the smell of smoke was strong. (=The fire was out, but the smell was still there.)
20. His new appointment takes _____ from the beginning of next month.
A. place    B. effect   C. post    D. office
[答案] B. effect
[注释]take effect 生效。
21. The policeman stopped him when he was driving home and _____ him of speeding.
A. charged    B. accused    C. blamed    D. deprived
[答案] B. accused
[注释]accuse sb. of... 控告某人犯有......, warn sb. of警告、告戒某人有......deprive sb. of sth.剥夺某人某事。charge sb. with murder (指控某人犯有杀人罪) 。
22. Mr. Smith gradually _____ a knowledge of the subject.
A. attained    B. achieved    C. required    D. acquired
[答案] D. acquired
[注释]acquired (=gain for oneself by skill or ability, by one's own efforts or behavior) (由技术、能力、努力或行为) 获得; 得到:He has acquired a good command of English language. (他已精通英语。) achieve, vt. 取得 (胜利、成功等) , 实现 (目标、目的等) 。 attain, vt. 达到 (目的等) , 取得 (成就等) :1) I hope you will attain your object. (我希望你会达到你的目的。) 2) He attained success through hard work.
23. This is the _____ piano on which the composer created some of his greatest works.
A. actual    B. genuine    C. real    D. original
[答案] A. actual
[注释]本题中actual (=existing in fact, not imaginary) 实际使用过的。actual, read, genuine是同义词, 有时可以互换, 如:an actual (or real) event in history, (历史上的真实事件) , real (or genuine) banknotes (真钞票), 其反义词是false (假的) ; original (原来的) , 其反义词是duplicate (复制的) 。从不同的角度看, 似乎任何一个选择都说得过去, 但按照题意选A. actual 最佳, 因为题中强调的不是钢琴的真假, 而是指作曲家“实际使用过的”。本题译文:这是作曲家创作他的一些杰出作品时实际使用过的那台钢琴。
24. My camera can be _____ to take pictures in cloudy or sunny conditions.
A. treated    B. adopted    C. adjusted    D. remedied
[答案] C. adjusted
[注释]adjust (=arrange, put in order or agreement; make suitable or convenient for use) 强调, 调节, 使适应; The body adjusts itself to change of temperature. (身体能自行调节以适应温度的变化。) My eyes have not been adjusted to dark yet. (我的眼睛还没有适应黑暗。) 本句中adjust是不及物动词。I must adjust my watch. It's slow. (我必须调一下我的表。它走得慢了。)
25. According to the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, wisdom comes from the _____ of maturity.
A. fulfillment      B. achievement
C. establishment    D. accomplishment
[答案] B. achievement
[注释]achievement (=something successfully finished or gained especially through skill and hard work) 取得, 达到, 成就。例如:achievement age智力成熟年龄。fulfilment (=the act of fulfilling or condition of being fulfilled) 履行, 实行。如:He was willing to face any hardship in fulfilment of his duties. (他愿意迎向困难去履行他得职责。) establishment 建立,建设。Accomplishment (顺利) 完成:It was a great accomplishment to finish the house cleaning in two days. (两天内打扫完这栋屋子是件很了不起的事。)
26. The number of tickets _____ will be determined by the size of the stadium.
A. adaptable    B. acceptable
C. advisable    D. available
[答案] D. available
[注释] available. (=capable of being used; that may be obtained) 可用的, 有效的, 可得到的。例如:1) There are no doctors available in the remote areas. (在边远地区没有大夫。) 2) There tickets are available for on month. (这些票有效期一个月。)
acceptable 可以接受的:None of the suggestions was acceptable. advisable 明智的, 可取的, 适当的:I think it advisable that he be assigned to the job. (我认为指派他干这项工作是可取的。) adaptable 能适应的:He is an adaptable man and will soon learn the new work.
27. Too many hotels have been built and this has _____ prices, making holidays cheaper.
A. cut short    B. cut out    C. cut off    D. cut down
[答案] D. cut down
[注释] cut down 参阅III,38注释。
28. He is a very honest official and never _____ any gifts from the people who sought his help.
A. accepted    B. received    C. took up    D. excepted
[答案] A. accepted
[注释] receive 收到, 接到, 指“收, 接”这一动作; 而accept 是经过考虑“接受”下来, 表示当事人的态度, 如:I received the present, but I did not accept it. (我收到了这件礼物, 但我没有接受。)
 29. He was not _____ to the club because he wasn't a member.
A. allowed     B. admitted
C. permitted    D. approved
[答案] B. admitted
[注释] admit sb. to (=allow sb. or sth. to enter; let in) 允许某人某物进入; 让......进入:1) Children are not admitted. (儿童免进。) Only one hundred boys are admitted to the school the school every year. (这所学校每年只收100名男生。) admit (=acknowledge; confess) 承认, 供认:1) We have to admit that he is a highly competent man. (我们不得不承认他是一位能力很强的人。) 2) The thief admitted his crime. 3) She admitted having read the letter, 4) I admit breaking the window. 注意admit后可接动名词的一般式或完成式。5) We must admit the task to be difficult。注意admit也可以接复合结构。allow和permit后均可接sb. to do sth., 故不合本题题意。approve sth. 批准; approve of doing sth. (=think well of) 赞成, 赞许:1) I am afraid they won't approve of your going there. (恐怕他们不会赞成你去那里的。) 2) I don't approve of your way of looking at things. (我不赞同你看待事情的方法。)
30. Although he doesn't like that law, he will _____ with it.
A. confine    B. conform    C. comply    D. contend
[答案] C. comply
[注释] comply with 遵守。
31. Motorists _____ of speeding may be banned from driving for a year.
A. convicted    B. arrested    C. charged    D. judged
[答案] A. convicted
[注释]be convicted to 被判有...... (罪) :He was convicted of murder. (他被法院判有谋杀罪。)
32. The reason why he adapted to the new situations quickly is that he has a _____ attitude.
A. changeable    B. alternate
C. movable      D. flexible
[答案] D. flexible
[注释] flexible 灵活的, 可变通的; We need a foreign policy that is more flexible.
33. Will all those _____ the proposal raise their hands?
A. in relation to    B. in excess of
C. in contrast to    D. in favor of
[答案] D. in favor of
[注释] in favor of 赞成。in excess of 超过。in relation to 关系到。in contrast to 与......相对照。例如:
1) Everyone in the class voted in favor of the party. (=All of the children voted to have a party.)
2) We got $5000 in excess of the fixed sum. (我们盯定额多收入5000美元。)
3) This appears small in contrast to (with) that. (这个同那个对比起来显得小了。)
4) I have a lot to say in relation to that affair. (我对那件事有许多话要说。)
5) We must plan in (with) relation to the future. (我们定计划时要考虑到将来。)
34. An early typewriter produced letters quickly and neatly; the typist, _____ couldn't see his work on his machine.
A. however    B. therefore    C. yet    D. although
[答案] A. however.
[注释] however 然而。本题译文:早期的打字机打起字来又快又整齐, 然而打字员不能看着机器键盘打字。
35. We are interested in the weather because it _____ us so directly ------ what we wear, what we do, and even how we feel.
A. benefits    B. guides    C. affects    D. effects
[答案] C. affects
[注释] affect (=have an influence or effect on) 影响:The climate affected his health. (气候影响[损害]了他的健康。)
[注意]affect vt. 影响。effect n. (=influent) 影响, 作用:Some films have a misleading effect on children. effect vt. (=bring about) 实行, 进行, 产生......后果:1) I will effect my purpose: no-one shall stop me! 2) We hope to effect an improvement. (我们希望能引起改进。)
注意两个常用的习语:1) to that effect 那个意思的 (话) :She said she hated spinach, or words to that effect. (她说她不喜欢吃菠菜或那个意思的话。) 2) to the effect that... 意思时说, 表示下述意思:I said a few words the effect that all he had told us was already well known. (我说了几句话, 意思是说他告诉我们的一切都已众所周知。)
36. I can meet you at eight o'clock; _____ you can call for me.
A. incidentally     B. actually
C. alternatively     D. accordingly
[答案] C. alternatively
[注释]alternatively (=as an alternative) 作为一个替代办法:If however is used, but is not needed; or alternatively omit however. (如果使用however,就不需要but;或者作为一个替代办法省去however。)
[注意]alternately 和 alternatively的区别:alternately (交替地) :At a Chinese dinner, the guests and the hosts sit alternately at a round table.
37. He has the _____ of an athlete: he really goes all out to win.
A. instants    B. instances
C. instincts    D. intelligences
[答案] C. instincts
[注释] instinct 天生的本领。instant n. 瞬间, 时刻; adj. 立即的, 直接的。如:instant coffee 速溶咖啡; instant food (s) 方便食品。例如:Spaceships are stocked with a variety of instant foods. (宇宙飞船上备有各种个样的方便食品。)
38. A university is an educational institution which _____ degrees and carries out research.
A. rewards    B. awards    C. grants    D. presents
[答案] B. awards
[注释]awards sb. sth. 授于某人某物。如:They awarded John the first prize. (他们授于约翰一等奖。)
对比:reward sb with sth. 以某物酬谢某人, 须加介词with; They rewarded the boy with $5 for bringing back the lost dog. (他们给这男孩5美元酬谢他把丢失的狗找回来。) grant (=consent to give or allow what is asked for) 同意 (给予) , 答应 (请求) :The firm granted him a pension. (公司同意给予他退休金。) present sb. with sth. 赠送:Our class presented the school with a picture. (我们班给学校送了一幅画。) present 颁发, 呈递:1) The principal will present the diplomas. (校长将颁发文凭。) 2) We shall present a complete report to the Annual Conference. (我们将向年会递交一份全面的报告。)
本题句意是:大学是授予学位和进行研究的教育机构。可见, 本题应选award. 
39. The old lady can't hope to _____ her cold in a few days.
A. get over    B. get off    C. hold back    D. hold up
[答案] A. get over
[注释] 参阅III,55注释。
 40. Jim's plans to go to college _____ at the last moment.
A. fell out     B. gave away
C. gave off    D. fell through
[答案] D. fell through,未能实现
[注释] 参阅III,49注释。
 41. The Department is also deeply _____ in various improvement schemes.
A. connected    B. included    C. involved    D. implied
[答案] C. involved
[注释]be involved in 参与。Be included in 包括在......中。
 42. Keys should never be hidden around the house since thieves _____ know where to look.
A. virtually    B. variously
C. unavoidably    D. invariably
[答案] D. invariably
[注释]invariably 总是, 不变地。Virtually 事实上, 实际上。unavoidably不可避免地。
43. The boy had a _____ escape when he ran across the road in front of the bus.
A. close    B. short    C. narrow    D. fine
[答案] C. narrow
注释]have a narrow escape 幸免遇难。
44. Do you mind if I _____ with my work while you are getting tea ready.
A. get through    B. turn to    C. carry on    D. come on
[答案] C. carry on
[注释]carry on 继续, 参看Ⅲ,28。
45. I left for the office earlier than usual this morning _____ traffic jam.
A. in line with     B. in case of
C. for the sake of    D. at the risk of
[答案] B. in case of
[注释] in case of 参看Ⅲ,94注释。
In line with (=in agreement with) 与......一致, 符合:His actions were not in line with his belief.本句中in line with...作表语。In line with history and social evolution socialism is inevitable.本句中in line with引导地短语作状语, 意为“按照”。For the sake of 为了......起见。At the sake of冒......的风险。
46. The finance minister has not been so _____ since he raised taxes to such a high level.
A. popular     B. well-known
C. favorable    D. preferable
[答案] A. popular
[注释]popular 此处意为“ (=liked and admired) 受爱戴的, 有名声或声望的”。
47. It is wrong for someone in such a high _____ in the government to behave too badly in public.
A. situation    B. position
C. employment    D. profession
[答案] B. position
[注释]position 此句中指“地位” (不可数, 有时加不定冠词), 如:1) She was a woman of high position. 2) a high (low) position society.
48. We all knew from the very _____ that the plan would fail.
A. outcome    B. outset    C. income    D. output
[答案] B. outset
[注释] outset 开端, 开始, from the very outset (从一开始) 。outbreak爆发, 发生。outcome结局. income 收入。output 产量。
49. He looked rather untidy as there were two buttons _____ from his coat.
A. loosing    B. losing    C. off    D. missing
[答案] D. missing
[注释]missing 缺少的; a book with some missing pages. (缺页书) 。
50. Lawyers often make higher _____ for their work than they should.
A. bills    B. charges    C. prices    D. costs
[答案] B. charges
[注释]make charges for对......收 (费) ; 索 (价) 。charge也可以用作动词, 表示“收费, 索价”, 如:1) We don't charge anything for that. (对此我们不收费。) 2) How much do you charge for a haircut? (理个发要收多少钱?)
51. The workmen made so much _____ that Mrs. Walker had to spend three days cleaning up afterwards.
A. trouble    B. damage    C. mess    D. nuisance
[答案] C. mess
[注释]make mess弄得乱七八糟。Make a mess of“把......弄得乱七八糟”:He made a mess of his work. (他把他的工作搞得乱七八糟。)
52. They have held several meetings to _____ next year's production plans.
A. set down    B. make out    C. work up    D. draw up
[答案] D. draw up
本题译文, 他们已开过几次会议来起草明年的生产计划。
53. How can we get this language point _____ to the students.
A. down    B. round    C. across    D. into
[答案] C. across.
本题译文, 我们怎样才能把这个语言点向学生讲清楚?
54. This book gives a brief _____ of the history of the castle and details of the art collection in the main hall.
A. outline    B. reference    C. article    D. outlook
[答案] A. outline
[注释]outline 轮廓, 概要; give an outline of sth. 概要说明某事。 
55. Dress warmly, _____ you'll catch cold.
A. on the contrary    B. or rather
C. or else           D. in no way
[答案] C. or else
[注释]or else (=otherwise; if not) 否则:Hurry up, or (else) you'll be late.
56. Kate's ambition to become a nurse _____ from a desire to help others.
A. prompted      B. promoted
C. programmed    D. proceeded
[答案] D. proceeded
[注释]proceed form (=arise form) 来自; 由......产生:1) Clouds of smoke proceeded form the chimney. (从烟囱里升起缕缕浓烟。) 2) This proceeded from ignorance. (这是出于无知。)
[注意] proceed 的其他用法: (=go on [to do sth.]; continue) 接着 (做某事) ; 继续进行; 1) He proceeded to give me a vivid description of the mountainous scenery there. (他接着给我栩栩如生地描述那里的山区景色。) 2) 接介词with; Now please proceed with your story. (现在请你接着将下去。) 3) 接介词to: We will now proceed to the next business. (我们现在将接着干下面的一件事。) 4) 准备取得 (某种学位) :He will proceed to the degree of M.A. this year. (他准备今年取得文科硕士学位。)
57. The island where these rare birds nest has been declared a _____.
A. observation     B. reservation
C. preservation     D. conservation
[答案] D. conservation
[注释] conservation 保存(自然资源等) the conservation of soil and water 水土保持; the law of conservation of energy 能量守恒定律。observation观察; reservation (旅馆房间、戏院座位等的) 预定; 保留 (意见) ; [美]保留地:1) Have you make your reservations? (你预定了没有?) 2) I will accept the suggestion without reservation. (我将毫无保留地接受这项建议。) 3) The government has set apart Indian reservations. (政府已经划出印地安人保留地。) preservation保存 We must strive for the preservation of our natural resources. (我们必须努力保护自然资源)
conservation, preservation, reservation从汉语概念出发时很容易混淆。Conservation是动词conserve派生的名词, 与原来动词的意义相同, 表示"保持、保存”时, 强调“珍惜、节用。 Preservation是动词preserve派生的名词, 强调“收藏、保存”使之完好无损或质量不变; 常与食品、博物馆收藏的展品等词搭配。Reservation主要指意见、看法等的“保留”; 作“保留地”解时, 尤指美国印地安人保留地或澳大利亚土著民族保留地。本题指自然生态的保持, 用conservation最切题。
58. Although John was the eldest in the family, he always let his sister _____ charge of the house.
A. take    B. hold    C. make    D. get 
[答案] A. take
[注释]take charge of (=to be or become responsible for sb. or sth.) 负责、掌管、看管; He took charge of the department (or the children) .
59. The child enjoyed _____ up the wooden bricks then knocking them down.
A. adding    B. pushing    C. piling    D. forming 
[答案] C. piling
[注释] pile up (=lay in a pile or as if in a pile) 把......放成一堆, 堆积:pile up the books on the table (把书堆在桌子上) 。Pile up作不及物动词用, 意为“积压; (若干汽车) 相撞”:1) Perishable goods are piling up at the docks. (码头上易腐烂的货物堆积如山。) 2) Several cars piled up after ignoring the fog warning on the motorway. (由于无视高速公路上的大雾警告, 有好几辆汽车相撞。) 
60. John was very upset because he was _____ by the police with breaking the law.
A. accused    B. arrested    C. sentenced    D. charged 
[答案] D. charged
[注释]be charged with受指控犯有......; He was charged with murder. (他受指控犯有凶杀罪。) 
61. It isn't quite _____ that he will be present at the meeting.
A. sure    B. right    C. exact    D. certain 
[答案] D. certain
[注释]I am sure that +从句。He is sure to come. = He is certain to come.但在it作形式主语, that引导主语从句时, 主句中表语只能用certain, 不能用sure. 
62. Many new _____ will be opened up in the future for those with a university education.
A. opportunities    B. realities
C. necessities      D. probabilities 
[答案] A. opportunities
[注释]opportunity常指“ (难得的应抓住的) 机会”, 既可作可数名词, 也可以作不可数名词用, 如:I had few opportunities of meeting interesting people there. They had not much opportunity for hearing good music in the remote area.
63. The members of the club wouldn't run a _____ in entrusting(委托) the organization to an unreliable person.
A. danger    B. risk    C. hazard    D. chance
 [答案] B. risk
[注释]run a risk (in) 冒险:You are running a big risk in trusting him.
64. The meeting was _____ when the chairman fell ill.
A. put down    B. shut out    C. cut short    D. taken off
[答案] C. cut short
[注释]cut short (=interrupt) 打断, 中断:1) He made a suggestion, but I cut him short. (他提了个建议, 但我打断了他。) 2) He cut short his tour and returned home. (他中断旅行, 回家了。) shut off (=cut off, interrupt) 切断, 中断; 由指切断供应等, 如:The water was shut off for several hours while the plumber repaired the pipes. Shut out (=keep out; exclude; prevent form entering) 把......关在外面, 排除, 不让入内:1) He shut the cat out. (他把猫关在外面。) 2) The law was designed to shut out immigrants. (这项法律旨在拒绝移民入竟。) 3) They shut out the dust by having double windows. (他们用双层窗户防尘。) 4) They begin to speak French, shutting out the boy from their conversation. (他们讲起法语来, 使这个男孩无法参加他们的谈话。)
65. John says that his present job does not provide him with enough _____ for his organizing ability.
A. scope    B. space    C. capacity    D. range
[答案] A. scope
[注释]本题中scope (=opportunity; outlet) 施展机会, 发展余地, 是不可数名词, 如:Give someone scope to show his ability. Range意指“变动范围; 视听范围; 理解范围”, 如:the range of prices (价格变动范围).
66. I just managed to _____ a quick breath before I was sucked under the water by the passing boat.
A. snatch    B. scratch    C. scrape    D. scan
[答案] A. snatch
[注释] snatch的原义是“攫取; 抓住; 夺得”。本题中snatch意指“匆忙间设法得到”, 如:He snatched an hour of sleep. (他匆匆睡了一小时觉。) snatch a quick breath (匆忙猛吸了一口气)。
67. My brother likes eating very much but he isn't very _____ about the food he eats.
A. special    B. peculiar    C. particular    D. unusual
[答案] C. particular
[注释]be particular about对......讲究, 挑剔; She is very particular about what she wears. (她对她得穿着很讲究。) Mr. Smith was quite particular about my work. (史密斯先生对工作十分挑剔。)
68. I don't think the charge for overhauling (大修)the equipment is excessive in _____ to its size.
A. correspondence    B. equation
C. proportion        D. dimension
[答案] C. proportion
[注释]in proportion to是固定搭配, 意为“与......成比例, 与.......相称”。反义语:out of proportion不成比例,不相称。本题称。
本题译文:我认为该设备的大修费并不过分, 是与它的大小相称的。
69. Voices were _____ as the argument between the two motorists became more bad-tempered.
A. swollen    B. raised    C. developed    D. increased
[答案] B. raised
[注释]raise (=lift up) one's voice提高嗓门, 高声叫喊。Raise one's voice against sth. 意为“为抗议某事而大声疾呼”, 如:As no one raised his voice against the plan, it was agreed on. (因为没有人发表反对意见, 该计划就一致通过了。) voice的常用习语有:the public voice (舆论) , under one's voice (小声地) , with one voice (异口同声地,一致地) ,lose one's voice (嗓子哑了, 说不出话来) , have no voice with (对某事无发言权)。
70. Having lived in the town for quite a few years, Mr. Johnson no longer felt _____ among the local people.
A. out of order      B. out of place
C. out of control    D. out of the question
[答案] B. out of place
[注释]out of place (=in the wrong place or at the wrong time; not suitable; improper) (作表语用) 不适宜, 不得体:1) Joan was the only girl who wore a formal at the party, and she felt out of place. (=She felt embarrassed because her dress was not suitable for the party.) 2) It was out of place for Russell to laugh at the old lady. (=It was not proper; she should not have done it.) 此外,out of place (=not in the right usual place or position) (作状语用) 不在原来通常的地方:Helen fell and knocked one of her teeth out of place. Out of order 发生故障; 失调。Out of control 失去控制。Out of the question 不可能的。
71. He stopped his ears with his hands to _____ the terrible noise.
A. show off    B. cut out    C. keep from    D. shut out
[答案] D. shut out
[注释]shut out排除。参看IV.64。
show off炫耀; cut out删掉; keep from; 1) 隐瞒; She kept the truth from me. (她向我隐瞒真相。) 2) 不沾, 避开; He keeps from alcohol. (他滴酒不沾。) 3) 使不做某事:She kept herself from laughing. (她没有笑出来。) 
72. My house is the only brick one on the street. It _____ and you can't miss it.
A. stands up    B. looks out
C. sticks out    D. wipes out
[答案] C. stick out
[注释]stick out (=protrude, project) 伸出, 突出; 显露, 显眼:1) The doctor asked him to stick his tongue out. 2) Spelling mistakes stick out in this composition. (这篇作文中拼写错误很显眼。) stick out (=endure to the end) 坚持到底; If you can stick out a bit longer ,everything will be all right. (假如你能在坚持一下, 一切都会好起来。)
wipe out 擦去, 消灭, 参看III.193.注释.
73. After the show, the crowd _____ out of the theater.
A. poured    B. melted    C. drew    D. dismissed
[答案] A. poured
[注释]pour 此处意为:涌出, 涌来, 如:People poured out to the rally. (人们踊跃参加群众大会。) 
74. Although it is not our normal _____ to give credit, this time I think we should consider the matter more closely.
A. state    B. intention    C. occasion    D. practice 
[答案] D. practice
[注释]practice (=way of doing sth. That is common or habitual; sth. done regularly) 做法, 惯例 :It is my practice always to rise early. To give credit 让赊欠:No credit is given at this shop. (这家商店概不赊欠。)
75. It gave me a strange feeling of excitement to see my name in _____.
A. news    B. print    C. publication    D. press
[答案] B. print
[注释]in print是习语, 意指“印出来, 发表出来”, 如:She finally saw her novel in print. (她终于看到他的小说出版了。) in print 的另一个意思是“在印行, 还在发行”, 如:This book is still in print. (这本书还在发行, 可以买到) 反义词是out of print , 意指“不在印行, 买不到了。”如:The book you speak of is out of print. (你说到的那本书已不在发行了。)
76. The engineers have rejected the employers' proposals to end the strike and the other workers have come out in _____.
A. opposition    B. return
C. sympathy    D. readiness
[答案] C. sympathy
[注释] in sympathy以示同情, come out(=declare oneself)  此处意为表明态度, 所以come out in sympathy 意为“表示同情”。In return 作为报答, 如:I wanted nothing in return . (我不要什么报答。) collaboration协作, 如:work in collaboration with sb. (与某人协力合作) 。Opposition 反对, 如:rise in opposition to (起来反对) 。readiness 准备 (状态); 待机, 如:having everything in readiness for departure (做好一切准备, 以便出发)。 
77. Her work is often very hard and she gets very tired. The work is _____.
A. wonderful    B. splendid
C. tedious      D. magnificent
[答案] C. tedious
[注释] tedious (=tiresome ;wearying; uninteresting) "沉闷的, 厌烦的, 乏味的”。
splendid 壮丽的, 辉煌的, 极好的。magnificent 壮丽的, 宏伟的:It was a magnificent ceremony. (这是一次盛大隆重的仪式)。
78. With prices _____ so much, it's hard for the company to plan a budget.
A. fluctuating    B. waving
C. swinging     D. vibrating
[答案] A. fluctuating
[注释]本句前一部分是"with+名词+现在分词短语"的独立结构, 做状语。Fluctuate (=move up and down) (指物价, 标准等的) 波动。如:Prices fluctuate from year to year. (物价年年波动) wave飘扬, 挥舞; 招手; (庄稼的) 波动。swing摆动, 摇摆; vibrate振动。可见, 根据题意, 只能选A。
79. Some teenagers have a generalized resentment against society, which _____ them the rights and privileges of adults, although physically they are mature.
A. deprives    B. restricts    C. rejects    D. denies
[答案] D. denies
[注释]deny (=refuse to give or allow) 拒绝给予:He denied his children nothing . (孩子们要什么他就给什么。) deprive (=take away from) .剥夺。deprive sb. of sth.剥夺某人某物:They deprived women of the right to vote. (他们剥夺了妇女的投票权。) restrict (=keep within limits) The doctor restricted him to 5 cigarettes a day. (医生限制他一天抽5支烟。) reject (refuse to accept ) 拒绝接受, 如:She rejected my suggestion.
本题译文:一些十几岁的孩子们往往对社会有普遍的逆反心理, 虽然他们发育成熟, 但社会拒绝给予他们同成年人一样的权利和优惠。
80. Though _____ in San Francisco, Dave Mitchell had always preferred to record the plain facts of small-town life.
A. raised    B. grown    C. developed    D. cultivated
[答案] A. raised
[注释]本句中Though raised in San Franciscos是省略的让步状语从句。Raise (=bring up) 抚养:grow种植; cultivate耕作; 培养 (友谊等) 。如cultivate后接某人, 则意为“培养与某人的感情”。如:John always tries to cultivate the people, who are useful to him professionally. (约翰一向喜欢与事业上对他有用的人来往。)
本题译文:尽管在旧金山长大, 但戴夫米切尔总是愿意把小镇生活中平凡的事情记载下来。 
81. I'm afraid this painting is not by Picasso. It's only a copy and so it's _____.
A. priceless    B. invaluable
C. unworthy    D. worthless
[答案] D. worthless
[注释] worthless 无价值的, 无用的。Priceless 无价的, 贵重的, 无法估价的:a priceless treasure 无价之宝。Invaluable 无法估价的, 非常宝贵的。Unworthy 不值得的, 不配的; 无价值的。
82. The final _____ of the play will take place on Monday.
A. action    B. performance    C. view    D. sight
[答案] B. performance
[注释]performance (话剧的) 一场演出。
83. It was a long time before the cut on my hand _____ completely.
A. healed    B. cured    C. improved    D. recovered
[答案] A. healed
[注释] heal 1) 使痊愈, 治愈:The salve will help to heal the wound. (这种药膏能治愈你的伤。) 2) 痊愈 (多指外伤) :The cut on my leg has healed. (我腿上的伤口以痊愈。) 可见, 本题是heal的第二种用法。cure治疗, 治好; The drug cured my fever. (这种药使我退烧了。) This medicine should cure you of your cold. (这种药定会治好你的感冒。) recover也可以表示“痊愈”, 意为“恢复正常”。例如:1) I think she will recover. (我认为她会痊愈的。) 2) He almost fell ill, but quickly recovered. (他差点病到, 但很快就痊愈了。) 也可以用recovered做表语表示“痊愈, 恢复正常:Are you completely recovered from your illness? (你的病是不是完全好了?)
[注意] recover vi. 用作“痊愈”时, 句子主语通常是人。Improve 改善, 此词无“治疗”或“痊愈”之意。
84. To get my travelers' checks I had to have the bank _____ a special check for the total amount.
A. make up    B. make out
C. make for    D. make up for
[答案] B. make out
[注释] make out 辨别, 详见III.123.注释。
85. She said she was glad the difficulty had been _____.
A. cleared away    B. cleared up
C. broken away     D. broken down
[答案] B. cleared up
[注释] clear up 解释, 澄清; 解决:1) I had some doubts, but now they are cleared up. (以前我有许多疑点, 但现在都解决了。) 2) The book has cleared up many difficulties for me. (这本书解决了我不少困难。) clear away 清除。详见III.32.break away 和 break down 详见Ⅲ.6,7,11.注释。
86. I used to be able to play well but I'm _____ now.
A. out of date        B. out of touch
C. out of practice    D. out of place
[答案] C. out of practice
[注释] out of practice荒废, 久不练习; out of date 过时, 老式; out of touch失去联系; out of place详见 III, 70注释。
87. As soon as the children were _____, their mother got them out of bed and into the bathroom.
A. woke    B. waken    C. wake    D. awake
[答案] D. awake
[注释]awake adj.醒着的 (作表语) 。Awake, awaken, wake, waken都可以作及物和不及物动词用, 但是awake多用作不及物动词, 其中wake最常用。 
88. Jim was so badly burnt that at first they began to _____ of his life.
A. despair    B. designate    C. disappoint    D. despise 
[答案] A. despair
[注释] despair of (=be in despair) 对.......失望:1) Don't despair: things will get better soon. 2) He began to despair of success. 3) He despaired of being able to repair the TV set. (他对能否修好这台电视机表示失望。) designate指明, 指出, despise 轻视, 藐视。 
89. The government's strong action demonstrated its _____ to crush the rebellion.
A. energy     B. resistance
C. courage    D. determination
[答案] D. determination
[注释] determination意为“决心”, 后常接动词不定式作定语。 
90. New mineral resources may be discovered during the forthcoming Antarctic _____.
A. excursion    B. execution
C. extraction    D. expedition 
[答案] D. expedition
[注释]expedition 远征, 探险; excursion 短途旅行, 游览; execution 实施, 执行; extraction 提取。 
91. Probability is the mathematical study of the _____ of an event's occurrence.
A. desire    B. likelihood    C. result    D. effect
[答案] B. likelihood
[注释] 句意:概率是对事件发生的可能性的数学研究。
92. Driving a car without insurance can have _____ consequences.
A. uncertain    B. disastrous
C. potential    D. unworthy
[答案] B. disastrous
[注释] disastrous 灾难性的。 
93. The police refused to _____ the clues they were working on.
A. exhibit    B. disclose    C. expose    D. discern
[答案] B. disclose
[注释]disclose (=uncover; allow to be seen; make known) 透露, 使显露: 1) The lawyer disclosed the details of the case. 2) He disclosed that he had made arrangements to buy a new car. exhibit 展览, 展出, 显示, expose 暴露,discern 认出, 发现, 辨别,识别。本题译文:警方拒绝透露他们正在调查的线索。 
94. What you have done is _____ the doctor's orders.
A. attached to        B. resistant to
C. responsible to     D. contrary to
[答案] D. contrary to
[注释] (be) contrary to与.......相反, 违反 (作表语) :What you wish to do is contrary to the regulations. contrary to也可以作状语:a. If you act contrary to the doctor's advice, you won't get well again. b. Contrary to what I thought, he has proved to be successful. 2) 作定语:The boy was swimming in a direction contrary to the current. (这男孩朝着逆流方向游去。) 
95. The shop-assistant was straight with his customers. If an article was of _____ quality, he'd tell them so.
A. minor    B. humble    C. inferior    D. awkward
[答案] C. inferior
[注释] inferior详见III.400.注释.
本题译文:这位商店售货员对顾客很坦率。如果货物质量不好, 他就把情况告诉顾客。
96. The continuous rain was _____ for the exceptional poor harvest
A. blamed    B. condemned    C. accused    D. charged
[答案] A. blamed
[注释] blame sb./sth. for ... 因.......埋怨、责怪 .......:He blames you for neglect of duty. (他责怪你玩忽职守。) condemn 谴责、判刑。Accuse sb. of控告某人犯有.......。charge sb. with控告某人犯有......。
97. The rocks are very big with _____ of colors on them.
A. bands    B. marks    C. rails    D. shapes
[答案] A. bands
[注释] band (颜色与其余部分不同的) 条纹。Mark痕迹, 斑点; 记号, 标记。本题是讲岩石上色彩不同的“条纹”, 故用bands. rail (轨道) ,shape (形状) ,均不合题意。
98. There were no tickets _____ for Friday's performance.
A. preferable      B. possible
C. considerable    D. available
[答案] D. available
[注释] available (=capable of being used; that may be obtained) 可利用的; 可以找到的:1) These tickets are available for one month. (这些票的有效期一个月。) 2) Is there a doctor available? (有否可以找到大夫?) 3) A limited number of seats are still available. (仍然还有少量座位。)
99. Despite all the evidence to the contrary, the witness _____ that his story was true.
A. stuck out    B. stood out
C. kept down    D. held up
[答案] A. stuck out
[注释]stick out 坚持。详见III.400.注释。
100. In a typhoon, winds _____ a speed greater than 120 kilometers per hour.
A. assume    B. accomplish    C. attain    D. assemble
[答案] C. attain
[注释] attain (=succeed in doing or getting) 达到 (目的等) ,取得 (成就等) :I hope you will attain your object, accomplish (顺利) 完成。assume假定, 假设, 承担。assemble集合; 装配。
101. Professor Smith and Professor Brown will _____ in giving the class lectures.
A. exchange    B. alter    C. shift    D. alternate
[答案]D. alternate
[注释]alternate vt./vi. 轮流,交替发生或出现:Wet days alternate with fine days.(晴雨天交替更迭。)The weather today will alternate between fine and cloudy.(今天的天气将是晴间多云。)
shift般动,移动(vt.);转移到,迁移(vi.);改变:1)Lend me a hand to shift the piano, will you?(请帮个忙搬一下这台钢琴。) 2)They have shifted away from this area.(他们已从这一地区迁走了。) 3)The candidate is constantly shifting his opinion about the problem.(这位竞选者在这个问题上不断改变他的观点。)
exchange交换;exchange... for ... 用.......换......;alter(部分)修改。 
102. Pack the cake in a strong box, or it might get _____ in the post.
A. splashed    B. spilt    C. crushed    D. crashed 
[答案]C. crushed.
[注释]crush压坏,压碎;弄皱;辗散;1)Don't crush this box; there are flowers inside.(不要把这个盒子压坏了,里面有鲜花。) 2)Her dress was crushed.(她的衣服弄皱了。) 3)The machine crushes wheat grain to make floor.(这台机器把麦粒辗成面粉。)
103. The thief _____ the papers all over the room while he was searching.
A. abandoned    B. vanished
C. scattered      D. deserted
[答案]C. scattered
[注释]scatter(=throw or put in various directions, or here and there)撒。
104. Today, housework has been made much easier by electrical _____.
A. facilities      B. appliances
C. instruments    D. equipment
[答案]B. appliances
[注释]electric appliances电器用具,facilities公用设备。equipment设备,装备,是集合名词,指“设备”的总称,只有当数形式。instrument仪器。
105. The _____ of the trees in the water was very clear.
A. mirror    B. sight    C. reflection    D. shadow
[答案]C. reflection
106. One _____ needed when making a cake is flour; another is sugar.
A. container    B. ingredient
C. content    D. equivalent
[答案]B. ingredient
107. They have been waiting for many hours to see the singer, but the airplane must have been _____.
A. behind the times    B. behind schedule
C. ahead of time      D. in no time
[答案]B. behind schedule
[注释]behind schedule(=late, behind time)晚点:The train is running behind schedule today.(=The train is not on time today.)behind the times(=using things not in style; still following old ways; old fashioned)过时,跟不上时代,落后:1)The store is behind the times.(=The store is old-fashioned; it looks as stores looked 40 years ago.) 2) Mary thinks her parents are behind the times because they still do the fox-trot and don't know any new dances.(=Mary's parents are old-fashioned in their dancings .) ahead of time提前: They have fulfilled their production plans ahead of time, in no time(=soon, quickly)立即,马上:I'll be back in no time to see you home.
108. Neither of them thought highly of him and they both tried to _____ him in his work.
A. hamper    B. support    C. assist    D. encourage
[答案]A. hamper
[注释]hamper(=hinder, prevent free movement or activity)阻碍:Lack of equipment is hampering our work.
Think highly of... 对...评价很高,认为......很好。
109. Her display of bad temper completely _____ the party.
A. harmed    B. damaged    C. spoilt    D. hurt
[答案]C. spoilt
[注释]spoil指出意指“使...... 扫兴,搞糟”,如:Quarrelling spoilt the picnic.(争吵使这次野餐弄得很扫兴。)hurt伤害,damage 损坏,harm危害,均不合题意。
110. We forgave his bad temper because we knew that his son's illness had put him under great _____.
A. emotion    B. excitement    C. crisis    D. stress
[答案]D. stress
[注释]put sb. under(great) stress使某人处境(非常)紧张,使某人受(很大)压力。
111. The reference she made to her friend, the poet, was interesting but too _____ for anyone to appreciate.
A. drastic    B. dull    C. obscure   D. distinct
[答案]C. obscure
[注释]obscure(=not clearly seen or understood)模糊难懂得。drastic激烈的,严厉的;dull单调的;distinct清楚的,明显的;截然不同的(from)。
112. He _____ his engagement just before the wedding.
A. broke out    B. broke away from
C. broke off    D. broke up
[答案]C. broke off.
[注释]break off(=cease suddenly, discontinue)突然中断;break off one's engagement(解除婚约)。Break off(=interrupt) one's conversation(打断谈话)。Break out(=begin suddenly)爆发。Break away from摆脱,从......退出。
113. When she heard from the hospital that her father had died, she _____ into tears.
A. burst    B. went    C. exploded    D. fell
[答案]A. burst
[注释]burst into tears放声大哭;又如:burst into thunderous cheers(发出雷呜般的欢呼);burst into laughing(捧腹大笑)。
114. Your help is _____ for the success of the project.
A. indispensable    B. indicative
C. inevitable       D. inherent
[答案]A. indispensable.
[注释]indispensable(to, for)不可缺少的,必需的。Indicative(of)指示的。Inevitable 不可避免的。Inherent固有的,内在的,天生的。
115. _____ the English examination I would have gone to the concert last Sunday.
A. In spite of    B. But for    C. Because of    D. As for
[答案]B. But for
[注释]but for(=without, except for)若非,要不是:But for your help we could not have finished it in time.(要不是你的帮助,我们本来不会及时完工。)
116. It was difficult to guess what her _____ to the news would be.
A. impression    B. comment
C. reaction    D. opinion
[答案]C. reaction
[注释]reaction(to)对......的反应:Our reaction to a joke is to laugh.
117. Our attitude toward our teachers should be _____, but not slavish or superstitious.
A. respectable    B. respected
C. respective     D. respectful
[答案]D. respectful.
[注释]respectable(=deserving respect)值得尊敬的,品行端正的。respectful(=showing respect to)有礼貌的,表示尊敬的。Respective各个的。respected尊敬的。Respecting prep.(=relating to; concerned with)关于,说到。
118. We could see that he was trying to _____ his own responsibility for the delay, instead of accepting his fault.
A. run over    B. smooth over
C. pass off    D. turn down
[答案]B. smooth over
[注释]smooth over(=make smooth, put right, balliate)使平息,使恢复正常的,掩饰:1)I will try to smooth their quarrel over.(我将设法平息他们的争吵。) 2)Don't try to smooth over your fault.(不要设法掩饰你的过错。)
run over 详见Ⅲ.145,146.注释;pass off详见Ⅲ.126.注释;turn down详见Ⅲ.180,181.注释。
119. Glemp's heroic flight into space entitled him _____ a place in history.
A. for    B. with    C. to    D. of
[答案]C. to.
[注释]entitle sb. to sth.(=give a right to)给予权利: 1)He is entitled to special treatment because of his rank(由于他的级别他有权享受特殊待遇。) 2) Officers are entitled to travel first class.(军官们有权乘头等车旅行。)
120. He's _____ drink and never does a stroke of work.
A. gone to    B. taken to    C. taken up    D. gone for
[答案]B. taken to
[注释]take to养成(某种习惯)。A stroke of一件。本题译文:他以成了酒徒,从来没有干过一件工作。
121. "Who is responsible for sending out misinformation?"
    "Most of the fault lies _____ the administration."
A. in    B. to    C. on    D. with
[答案]D. with
[注释]lie with应由.......(承担责任);(作出决定等)得靠...... 1)The responsibility lies with the driver.(责任应由这个司机承担。) 2)It lies with you to accept or reject he the proposal.(接受还是拒绝这项建议由你决定。)
lie in在于: 1)The difficulty lies in their great poverty.(困难在于他们非常贫困。) 2)the solution lies in social and political reform.(解决方法在于社会政治改革。)
122. People who live in a small village are bound to see a good _____ of each other.
A. sum    B. quantity    C. deal    D. amount
[答案]C. deal.
[注释]see a good deal of each other 经常见面。
123. Maria _____ missed the first train so as to travel on the same one as John.
A. deliberately    B. intensively
C. decisively      D. objectively
[答案]A. deliberately.
[注释]deliberately(=on purpose, intentionally)故意地;存心地。
124. They always kept on good _____ with their next-door neighbors for the children's sake.
A. friendship    B. relations    C. intentions    D. terms
[答案]D. terms.
[注释]keep (be) on good terms with与......和睦相处。
125. Do you think a wife should _____ her habits and tastes to those of her husband?
A. comply    B. confirm    C. consent    D. conform
[答案]D. conform.
[注释]conform vi遵守,符号:All the students must conform to the rules.(全体学生必须遵守规章。)conform sth. to sth. else(vt)使符合:He conformed the plans to the new specifications.(他使这些集合符合新规范。)      comply with遵守;confirm使坚定,确认,证实;consent (to)同意,赞同。
126. He was afraid that the branch might bend over and break, and he would be sent _____ to the ground.
A. crashing    B. throwing    C. rushing    D. dropping
[答案]A. crashing.
[注释]crash(to the ground)猛跌(到地上)。Crash n.
常指飞机等的“失事”,如:He was killed in an aircraft crash.(他在飞机失事中丧生。)本句中用falling不妥,fall指“落下,掉下”,本身并不强调落下的速度,而crash使“猛跌”,故本题用crashing最佳。
127. High interest rates _____ people from borrowing money.
A. discourage    B. decrease    C. disturb    D. disgust
[答案]A. discourage
[注释]discourage sb. from doing sth.使认为某事不值得做:Tht wet weather discouraged people from going to the sports meeting.(下雨天使人觉得不值得去看运动会。)
128. Despite their good service, most inns are less costly than hotels of _____ standards.
A. equivalent    B. uniform    C. alike    D. likely
[答案]A. equivalent.
[注释]equivalent相等的,相当的:He exchanged his pounds for the equivalent amount of dollars. uniform 相同的,一样的。Likely adj.很可能的,有希望的。Alike(表语形容词)相同的,相象的。
129. The two things are the same in outward form but different _____.
A. in addition    B. in brief
C. in common    D. in essence
[答案]D. in essence.
[注释]in essence本质上;in addition此外;in brief简短地,简言之;in common共同。
130. _____ it is a good thing I did not get the post I had applied for, though I must admit that I was disappointed at the time.
A. By the way    B. In a way
C. In the way    D. In no way
[答案]B. In a way.
[注释]in a way(-to some extent)在某种程度上;in no way决不;by the way 顺便提一下;in the way 碍事。此题不能选by the way,因为by the way 做插入语其后应加逗号。
131. _____ inviting guests and not treating them properly!
A. Strangely       B. Fantastically
C. Surprisingly    D. Fancy
[答案]D. Fancy
[注释]fancy doing 没想到.......竟然:1)Fancy your him!(没想到你竟然认识他!) 2)Fancy spending the day in here!(没想到竟在这里过了一天!)
132. With sufficient scientific information a manned trip to Mars should be _____.
A. obtainable    B. potential
C. considerable    D. feasible
[答案]D. feasible.
[注释]feasible(=that can be done)可行的,可做到的:1)Your plan sounds quite feasible.(你的计划听起来很可行。) 2)It's not feasible to make the trip in one day.(一天内要进行这次旅行是做不到的。)
133. The generation _____ makes it difficult for parents to understand their children's opinions.
A. division    B. gap    C. separation    D. interval
[答案]B. gap
[注释]generation gap 代沟。
division分,划分;separation分开;interval间隔,间隙;(幕间或工间)休息。at intervals 不时,时时
134. If the boy had _____ the dog alone it wouldn't have bitten him.
A. set    B. left    C. had    D. put
[答案]B. left
[注释]leave sb./sth. alone不惹,不管,不碰:Leave the box alone.(别碰那个盒子。)
135. They were so far away that I couldn't _____ their faces clearly.
A. see through    B. make up
C. see off    D. make out
[答案]D. make out.
[注释]make out(=identify and see with effort or difficulty)辨认出。
see through参阅Ⅲ,151,注释:此处see through还可表示“看穿......(=understand the real meaning of or reason for; realize the falseness of)”: 1)The teacher saw through the boy's story of having to help at home. (=The teacher knew his story was not true; it was just an excuse.) 2) He can't fool her. She sees him through every time.
see off送行;make up构成,组成,拼凑;弥补,赔偿;化装,编造:1)编造:John made up the joke about the talking dog. 2)弥补:Bob must make up the work he missed. 3)凑足: We need one more to make up the dozen. 4)化装: The actors were making up when we arrived. 5)构成:Nine players make up a team.
136. Achieving a high degree of proficiency in English as a foreign language is not a mysterious _____without scientific basis.
A. process    B. practice    C. procedure    D. program
[答案]A. process
[注释]process(=connected series of actions, or series of operations) 过程:By what process is cloth made form wool?(经过什么过程羊毛织成呢料?)practice(=the doing of something of, performance or repeated exercise, etc.)实习,练习;开业: She is doing her practice at the piano.(她在练习弹钢琴。)procedure(=the regular order of doing things)程序:the usual procedure at a meeting(开会的通常程序)。Program(=plan of what is to be done or list of items or events)课程,计划,大纲:What is the program for tomorrow ?(明天上什么课?)
137. I must go now. _____, if you want that book I'll bring it next time.
A. Incidentally    B. Accidentally
C. Occasionally    D. Subsequently
[答案]A. Incidentally
[注释]incidentally(=by the way)附带地,顺便:Fred said, incidentally, that he had no dinner.(顺便提一下,福来德那时说,他还没吃晚饭。)accidentally(=by chance)偶然地:I met with an old friend of mine accidentally last week.(上星期我偶然碰到一位老朋友。)occasionally (=from time to time, not regularly)不时地,偶尔:We get visitors here occasionally.(我们偶尔在此接游客。)subsequently(=afterwards, later) At first we thought we would go; but subsequently we learned we were needed at home.(起初,我们想离开;但随后我们得知家里需要我们。)
138. A completely new situation is likely to _____ when the school leaving age is raised to 16.
A. arouse    B. rise    C. arise    D. abide
[答案]C. arise
[注释]arise(=come into being, appear, happen)产生,发生:Difficulties will arise as we do the work.(我们做这项工作时将会发生困难。)
arouse 唤起,激起,唤醒;rise 上升;abide (by)遵守。
139. The illness from which Mary is suffering has now been _____ as hepatitis (肝炎).
A. diagnosed    B. determined
C. deduced   D. discovered
[答案]A. diagnosed
[注释]diagnose...as 把......诊断为......。
140. These continual _____ in temperature make it impossible to decide what to wear.
A. alterations    B. vibrations
C. waves       D. fluctuations
[答案]D. fluctuations
141. All foreign visitors are requested to _____ with the regulations in this area.
A. agree    B. comply    C. consent    D. conform
[答案]B. comply
[注释]comply with(=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule, etc.)遵守:People who refuse to comply with the law will be punished.(拒绝遵守法律者将受到惩罚。)conform(to)使一致,符合;conform to rules符合规则;conform to the customs of society(遵从社会习俗);consent to 同意,赞同;consent to a plan(赞同计划)。
142. Thomas Edison considered genius to be _____ one per cent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration.
A. composed of     B. constituted in
C. consisted of    D. comprised in
[答案]A. composed of
[注释]be composed of由......组成。Consist of由......组成,是不及物动词,不能用被动语态,故不合题意。
143. Although Lucy was slimming, she found cream cakes quite _____.
A. irregular     B. inevitable   
C. incredible    D. irresistible
[答案] D. irresistible
[注释]irresistible不可抵抗的,诱人的,1)I had a irresistible desire to run away,2)I can't refuse this offer; it is irresistible.
Irregular 不规律的, 不合规则的:1)the trains from here are irregular.(这里发的火车是不规律的。) 2)These procedures are highly irregular.(这些程序是非常不合规矩的。)
incredible 不可避免的,不可信的:1)Old superstitions are incredible to educated people.(旧的迷信对受过教育的人来说是不可信的。)2)His story of rescuing six drowning men is incredible.(他说他救了6个溺水者,这是难以置信的。)
inevitable 不可避免的:1)Traffic delays are inevitable at a holiday weekend.(假日周末交通耽搁是难免的。)2)Pain is Inevitable when one breaks a bone.(骨折是疼痛是难避免的。)
144. In order to _____ the rising production costs, the subscription rates have been increased.
A. add up to    B. look up to
C. cut short    D. keep up with
[答案]D. keep up with
[注释] keep up with跟上。参阅。88注释。Add up to参阅.2注释;cut short 详见.38;look up to(=admire, respect)赞美,尊敬:We look up to the old workers as our teacher.(我们把这位老工人尊为我们的老师。)本题中rates意为“价格,费用”。
145. Your essay is quite good: just _____ it _____ with a few illustrations and quotations.
A. put ... up     B. touch ... up
C. cut ... out    D. write ... off
[答案]B. touch … up
[注释] touch up(=improve or perfect by small additional strokes or alterations)润色,修饰:1)The last part of the article needs to be touched up.(这篇文章的最后一部分需要润色。) 2)He touched up the picture by strengthening and shadows.(他把画修饰了一下,使光明部分和阴暗部分的对比度更鲜明。)
put up留宿;cut out 删掉;write off报销,勾消。
146. I hope my teacher will take my recent illness into _____ when judging my examination.
A. regard    B. account    C. thought    D. observation
[答案]B. account
[注释] take sth. into account(=consider)考虑到:We must take local conditions into accoutn.
147. There are three basic ways of _____ language to writing, and all known graphic systems use one or a combination of these.
A. committing    B. attaching
C. comparing    D. relating
[答案]A. committing
[注释] commit...to 托付,交付:1)He was committed to the care of his aunt.(他被托付给他的姨妈照管。) 2)I have already committed the rules to memory.(我早已记住这些规则了。)
commit sth. to writing(把......写下来)。
148. Roses are quite _____ flowers in English gardens.
A. ordinary    B. common    C. usual    D. general
[答案]B. common
[注释]common(=usual and ordinary; happening of found often and in many places)普通的;常见的;常常发生的;到处可见的:a common experience(普通的经历);a common tree(常见的树木)。This bird is common throughout Europe.(这种鸟在欧洲很常见。)They can treat most of the common diseases.(他们能治疗大多数常见病。)
usual(=done, found, used or existing most of the time) 经常的,通常的,惯例的,习以为常的;强调时间习惯方面,例如:This is the usual state of the house.(这房子里平常就是这种样子。)
ordinary正常的,普通的,正常的;an ordinary day(平凡的一天),ordinary people(普通人), a piece of ordinary dance music(一首普通的舞曲)。
149. American women were _____ the right to vote until 1920 after many years of hard struggle.
A. ignored    B. refused    C. neglected    D. denied
[答案]D. denied
[注释] deny 1)否认:A. He didn't deny the facts. B. They couldn't
deny that it was a serious blow to them. C. He denied having ever there.(他否认曾到过那里。) 2)(=say 'no' to a request; refuse to give sth. asked for or needed)不给予;Lots of people were denied the right to vote.(许多人被剥夺了选举权。)He denies his wife nothing.(他对他的妻子有求必应。)
150. On turning the corner, we saw the road _____ steeply.
A. departing     B. decreasing
C. descending    D. depressing
[答案]C. descending
[注释] descend(=come or go down)走下来;传下来:1)He descended from the top of the mountain. 2)Are men descended from apes?(人是不是猿的后代?)
depress 压抑,使沮丧。Depart出发,起程。
151. We can't _____ one to change the habits of a lifetime in a short time.
A. hope    B. wait    C. expect    D. imagine
[答案]C. expert
[注释]expert期望,盼望,表示认为有很大的客观可能性,例如:I expert the work to be finished by Friday.(我期望这项工作能在星期五前做完。)wait for ... to do sth.等待、等待......做......,强调“等”这一动词的本身,如:The audience are waiting eagerly for the performance to begin.(观众正等着演出开始。)本题如改为这样:I waited for him to arrive in time for dinner, but he didn't come.(我等他来赶上晚餐,但他没有来。)则句子使是对的。由此可见,expect是表示“期待”,而wait for 是表示“等待”,词义完全不同。
注意hope后不能接sb. to do sth.。imagine being on the moon. 3)I'm sorry, but I can't imagine anyone doing research like that.(很遗憾,我不能想象人家那样做实验。)
152. It was necessary to _____ the factory building as the company was doing more and more business.
A. extend    B. increase    C. lengthen    D. magnify
[答案]A. extend
[注释]本题中extend意为“扩大”。lengthen拉长,延长。magnify放大。 Spread vi. 传播;vt.展开;He spread butter on the toast.(他在烤面包上涂上奶油。)
153. I asked the tailor to make a small _____ to my trousers because they were too long.
A. change    B. variation    C. revision    D. alteration
[答案]D alteration
[注释]alteration 修正,更改,尤指部分的改变。Change改变,变化,可指表面的、本质的、内在的变化。Revision修订、修正,常指文章、词典、剧本等的修改、订正。Variation(形式、位置、条件的)变化、改变、变动:We need some variation in our daily routine.(我们的例行公事需要作些变动。)
154. Because of the strong sun Mrs. William's new dining room curtains _____ from dark blue to gray within a year.
A. faded    B. fainted    C. paled    D. diminished
[答案]A. faded
[注释]fade vt/vi褪色。Faint晕到,变得虚弱:He fainted from hunger. Diminish vt./vi.减少:1)His illness diminished his strength. 2)The campers' food supply diminished as the days wore on.(随着日子的缓缓消逝,野营者的食品供应日益减少。)pale变苍白。
155. Jack is good, kind, hard-working and intelligent. _____, I can't speak too highly of him.
A. As a result     B. By the way
C. On the whole    D. In a word
[答案]D. In a word
[注释]in a word(=in short)总之,简言之。
156. Evidence obtained from observation and experiment is often used to _____ a scientific theory.
A. confirm    B. confine    C. conform    D. conceive
[答案]A. confirm
[注释] confirm(=support; make certain; give proof of)证实,确实:1)Please confirm your telephone message in writing.(请把你电话中所说的话再用文字复述一篇。) 2)The king confirmed that the election would be on June 20th.(国王确认,这次选择将于六月二十日举行。)
confine...to把......限制于:Please confine your remarks to the subject we are talking about.(请把你的话限止于我们正在谈论的题目。)conform (to)使一致,符合,遵守。Conceive 1)想到,想出:He very quickly conceived a new plan.[注意]conceive of想象:They could not conceive of the possibility of failure.(他们不能想象失败的可能。)
157. Political parties often differ in their views on various _____ concerning their own countries.
A. ways    B. measures    C. issues    D. patterns
[答案]c. issues
[注释]issue此处意为“重大问题”。measure措施,虽然填入本题也说得过去,但不够贴切。pattern模式,图案,图样。与题意不符,不能入选。way 方法,方式。
158. _____ his knowledge of the mountainous country, John Smith was appointed as our guide.
A. In spite of       B. On account of
C. Regardless of    D. Instead of
[答案]B. On account of
[注释]on account of(=because of)由于,因为。regardless of(=without worrying about)不顾;Regardless of danger, he climbed the tower.
159. The lawyer was expected to _____ some proposals after reading all those documents.
A. come up with    B. put up with
C. look up to      D. keep up with
[答案]A. come up with
[注释]come up with提出。参阅Ⅲ,33。注释。Put up with忍受;keep up with跟上,与......保持一致;look up to尊敬。
160. While typing, Helen has a habit of stopping _____ to give her long and flowing hair a smooth.
A. occasionally    B. simultaneously
C. eventually      D. directly
[答案]A. occasionally
[注释]occasionally 偶尔。参阅IV。137注释。Simultaniously同时地;  directly直接
161. In my opinion, you can widen the _____ of these improvements through your active participation.
A. dimension    B. volume    C. magnitude    D. scope
[答案]D. scope
[注释]scope(=the area within the limits of a questions, subject ect. ; range)(活动)范围,机会,余地:The politics of a country would be outside the scope of a book for tourists.(一个国家的政治不属于旅游手册的内容范围之内。)
162. The noise was so _____ that only those with excellent hearing were aware of it.
A. dim    B. soft    C. faint    D. gentle
[答案]c. faint
[注释]faint(=weak, indistinct; not clear)“微弱的,模糊的,不清楚的”。Dim(=not bright, not clearly to be seen)不亮的,看不清的;the dim light of a candle(微弱的烛光)。
163. If he refuses to _____ my plan, I can probably find someone more cooperative.
A. put up with     B. fall in with
C. do away with    D. get along with
[答案]B. fall in with.
[注释]fall in with(=agree to)同意:Is it true that you have fallen in with them?(你真的同意他们的意见吗?)put up with忍受。do away with废除;杀死。get along with进行,进展;相处。
164. Some people either _____ avoid questions of right and wrong or remain neutral about them.
A. violently    B. sincerely
C. properly    D. deliberately
[答案]D. deliberately
[注释]deliberately(=on purpose)故意地。Sincerely真诚地;violently强暴的,激烈的,暴力引起的。
properly 1)好好地,恰当地;She never makes any attempt to clean it properly.(她从来也不打算好好地把它擦干净。) 2)严格地:Properly speaking, a whale is not a fish.(严格地说,鲸鱼不是鱼。)
165. Her skirt had been so _____ in packing that she had to iron it before going out.
A. faded    B. torn    C. dirty    D. crushed
[答案]D. crushed
166. His landlady gave him a week's _____ to leave the flat.
A. threat    B. notice    C. advice    D. caution
[答案]B. notice
[注释]notice预先通知(尤用雇主、雇员或房东、房客之间):give one's employee a month's notice (通知雇员一个月后离职)。本题译文:他的女房东通知他一周后从套间搬走。
167. Even if they are on sale, these refrigerators are equal in price to, if not more expensive than, _____ at the other store.
A. anyone    B. the others    C. that    D. the ones
[答案]D. the ones
[注释]代词one可以用来替代前面提到过的名词,以避免重复。如果它替代的名词是复数,则用ones。本题中它代替refrigerators;因特指,故用the ones.
168. When I took his temperature, it was two degrees above _____.
A. average    B. ordinary    C. regular    D. normal
[答案]D. normal
169. With the change of the economic foundation the entire immense superstructure is _____ rapidly transformed.
A. anything but    B. more or less
C. at large        D. any more
[答案]B. more or less
[注释]more or less 或多或少地;anything but根本不;at large大体上;逍遥法外;详细地。
170. The author of the report is well _____ with the problems in the hospital because he has been working there for many years.
A. acquainted    B. informed
C. enlightened    D. advised
[答案]A. acquainted
[注释]be acquainted with熟悉,be well informed of(about)对......消息灵通。可见,此题中应用acquainted,因为后面地介词是with.
171. It is clear that the whole world is passing through a social revolution in which a central _____ must be taken by scientists and technologists.
A. process    B. attention    C. measure    D. part
[答案]D. part
[注释]take part in参加。
172. The farmers were more anxious for rain than the people in the city because they had more _____.
A. at length    B. at last    C. at stake    D. at ease
[答案]C. at stake
[注释]at stake(=to be won or lost; risked, depending upon the result of sth.)在危险中;利害攸关;His life itself was at stake.(他的生命本身濒临危险。);  at last最终;at length详细地;at ease安详,自在,随便,不拘束:She knew he was not at ease.(她知道,他并不自在。)
173. When the big bills for mother's hospital care came, father was glad he had money in the bank to _____.
A. fall short of    B. fall through
C. fall back on     D. fall in with
[答案]C. fall back on
[注释]fall back on求助于。参阅Ⅲ.48注释。
Fall short of没达到,低于:1)He fell short of what we had expected.(他没有达到我们的期望。) 2)The measures proposed fall far short of what is required.(所提出的这些措施远没达到需要的 目标。)
Fall in with与......一致,符合;同意,赞成,支持。
Fall through落空。参阅Ⅲ.49注释。
174. These plastic flowers look so _____ that many people think they are real.
A. beautiful    B. natural    C. artificial    D. similar
[答案]B. natural
175. The managing director promised that he would _____ me as soon as he had any further information.
A. communicate    B. notice    C. notify    D. note
[答案]C. notify
[注释]notify通知。Notice n.通知;v.注意到;note n.笔记;v.记下,摘下。
176. When I worked as the general manager of the firm, I sometimes had _____ to visit London on business.
A. opportunity    B. possibility
C. occasion      D. chance
[答案]C. occasion
[注释] occasion 作可数名词时,意为“时机”,作不可数名词时,意为“必要”,本题中occasion意为“必要”。从句语法结构上看,本句中用opportunity(难得的)机会,chance(偶然的)机会均可,但按逻辑意思,应用occasion.
177. The most important _____ of his speech was that we should all work whole-heartedly for the people.
A. element    B. spot    C. sense    D. point
[答案]D. point
[注释]point(=chief idea of sth. said, done, or planned)要点;论点,主旨:I don't see your point.(我不明白你的意思。)He said nothing to the point.(他说的不切题。)
178. It has always been the _____ of our firm to encourage workers to take part in social activities.
A. plan    B. campaign    C. procedure    D. policy
[答案]D. policy
179. The climbers _____ their ambition by reaching the summit of the mountain.
A. obtained      B. sustained
C. maintained    D. realized
[答案]D. realised
[注释]realise sth. by doing sth. else通过做......来实现.......。
180. I remember her face but I cannot _____ where I met her.
A. recall    B. remind    C. remember    D. remark
[答案]A. recall
[注释]recall(=bring back to the mind)想起,回忆起:But I really cann't recall your name at his moment.
Remind sb. of ...使......想起:1)The photo reminds me of my late father.(这张照片使我想起已故的父亲。) 2)The sight of the clock reminded me that I was late.
Remind sb. to sth.提醒......做......;Please remind me to write the letter.
181. He has left his book here on _____, so that you can read it.
A. purpose    B. intention    C. aim    D. meaning
[答案]A. purpose
[注释]on purpose是介词习语,意为“故意地”。如用intention,则应说by intention故意地。
182. The magician picked several persons from the audience and asked them to help him with the performance.
A. by accident    B. on occasion
C. at random      D. on an average
[答案]C. at random
[注释]at random(=without aim or purpose)随便地,胡乱地:His clothes were scattered about the room at random.
By accident意外地;on occasion偶尔;on an average平均计算。
183. The open university was started in order to help those who _____ having a university education when they were young.
A. stopped    B. failed    C. missed    D. ceased
[答案]C. missed
[注释]miss doing sth.没有做某事:I missed seeing the film when it was shown at school.(学校放映那部电影时,我没有能去看。)
184. His _____of the aeroplane was correct in every detail and could really fly.
A. shape    B. pattern    C. design    D. model
[答案]D. model
185. If you _____ your demand, then maybe you will have more chance of getting what you want.
A. conduct    B. dismiss    C. grant    D. moderate
[答案]D. moderate
[注释]moderate(=make or become less violent or extreme)节制,缓和,减轻。
186. Don't _____ the news to the public until we give you the go-ahead (许可,准许).
A. release    B. discard    C. relieve    D. retain
[答案]A, release
[注释]release(=allow news to be published)发布(新闻):Details of the scheme have not yet been released to the public.(这项计划的细节尚未向公众发布。)
relieve 1)减轻(痛苦,紧张情绪等):What will relieve a headache? This will help to relieve our hardship. 2)使放心,使宽慰:The good news relieved us, for we had been very anxious. 3)赈济,救济:The fund is for relieving distress among the flood victims. 4)relieve...from(of)解除,免除; a. This medicine will help to relieve you from your pain. b. He was relieved of his duties.
retain(= keep; continue to have or hold)保持,继续保有:1)She retains a clear memory of her schooldays. 2)You must retain your tickets.
187. The storm sweeping over this area now is sure to cause _____ of vegetables in the coming days.
A. rarity    B. scarcity    C. invalidity    D. variety
[答案]B. scarcity
[注释]scarcity(=the state of being scarce)缺乏;不足(指原本充足之物暂时在数量上的缺乏)。例如:The scarcity of fruit was caused by the drought.(水果的供应不足是干旱所引起的。)rarity(=sth. uncommon, unusual or sth. valued because rare)珍稀,稀少:Snow is a rarity around the equator.(雪在赤道周围是罕见之物。)invalidity(=making weak by illness; not suitable for use)无效性,丧失工作能力。Variety(=difference of condition or quality)变化,多样化。
188. Jack almost fell off the cliff, but managed to _____ until help came.
A. keep on    B. catch on    C. count on    D. hang on
[答案]D. hang on
[注释]hang on(=hold fast, keep hold)牢牢抓住,抓紧不放:Help! I can't hang on much longer.(救命啊!我支持不住啦。)keep on(doing sth.)继续(做......);catch on 理解;count on 指望,依赖。
189. Experts say walking is one of the best ways for a person to _____ healthy.
A. preserve    B. stay    C. maintain    D. reserve
[答案]B. stay
[注释]preserve, stay, maintain, reserve这4个词均有“保持”,“维持”之意。stay后可接形容词作表语:The weather stayed wet for three days.其他3个词均为及物动词。
Preserve(=keep safe from decay, risk, harm, danger, going bad etc.)保存,保护:1)Policemen preserve order in the streets.(警察在街上维持秩序。) 2)We must preserve our natural resources.(我们必须保护自然资源。)3)You paint woodwork to preserve it.(你油漆木制品以防腐烂。)
Maintain(=keep up)保持,维持,维修。
Reserve(=keep for a special purpose; store)保留,预定:1)I'll reserve my opinion at his time,(这时我将保留我的看法。) 2)I'll phone up today and reserve a room.(我今天将打电话预定一个房间。)
190. Expected noises are usually more _____ than unexpected ones of the like magnitude.
A. manageable    B. controllable
C. tolerable     D. perceivable
[答案]C. tolerable
[注释]tolerable(=fairly good, not too bad)可忍受的:The pain has become tolerable. manageable可处理的;可管理的;controllable可控制的;perceivable可觉察的。
191. It isn't so much whether he works hard; the question is whether he works _____.
A. above all    B. in all    C. at all    D. after all
[答案]C. at all
[注释]at all全然,真地(常用于肯定句中):If you do it at all, do it well.(你若真做,就得做好。)not...at all全不,毫不:He doesn't seem at all interested in my plane.(他似乎对我的计划毫无兴趣。)above all(=most important of all)最重要的。in all总计:We were fifteen in all.(我们总计15人。)after all毕竟,终究。
192. Mary had taken _____ to see that her guests had everything that they could possibly want.
A. efforts    B. pains    C. attempts    D. endeavors
[答案]B. pains
[注释]take pains to do sth.下苦功夫做某事:I'm grateful because you have taken pains to show me how to do the work.
193. He ate what he could, and gave the _____ of the food to the birds.
A. remain    B. uneaten    C. rest    D. part
[答案]C. reset
[注释]the rest (of)剩余部分,其余。remain作“剩余物”(=what is left)解时常用复数形式,如:the remains of a meal(残羹剩饭)。[ALI]《新英汉辞典》认为也可以用单数,可作参考。
194. The government placed _____ on the numbers of foreign cars that could be imported.
A. limitations     B. restraint
C. requirements    D. restrictions
[答案]D. restrictions
[注释]restriction(可数名称)限制性规定:It is a club with rigid restrictions on its membership.
Limitation局限性,不足之处,不利之处(可数):1)I know my limitations.(我了解我的不足之处。) 2)Every from of art has its limitations.(每种艺术形式都有其局限性。)
195. We won't know whether it will be successful. We won't know whether there will be good _____.
A. ends    B. results    C. effects    D. causes
[答案]B. results
[注释]result意为“由某种活动或某种原因所产生的结果”,如:obtain(=get, attain, gain win, secure)good results(取得好结果),publish the results(公布成绩)。
196. No one imagined that the apparently _____ businessman was really a criminal.
A. respectful    B. respectable
C. respective    D. respected
[答案]B. respectable
197. At first the institute refused to purchase the telescope, but this decision was _____ revised.
A. occasionally    B. consequently
C. successively    D. subsequently.
[答案]D. subsequently
198. The speaker _____ several other subjects in the course of his talk but mostly kept himself to the main topic.
A. held on       B. worked out
C. touched on    D. kept out of
[答案]C. touched on
[注释]touch on简单谈到。参阅Ⅲ.178注释。
199. Comrade Li Dazhao, _____ librarian of Beijing University, was one of the founders of the Chinese Communist Party.
A. sometimes    B. sometime
C. some time    D. some times
[答案]B. sometime
[注释]sometime(=former)过去的,以前的:Alice Brown, a sometime pupil of our school, is now a teacher there.
200. Alice was very sorry to hear that her grandmother had _____ two days before.
A. broken off    B. passed off
C. given away    D. passed away
[答案]D. passed away
[注释]pass away(=die)死亡,是“死亡”的委婉语。
break off中断;give away给掉;泄露;pass off中止,中断。
201. What makes the space shuttle _____ is that it takes off like a rocket but lands like an airplane.
A. exceptional    B. strange    C. unique    D. rare
[答案]C. unique
[注释]unique(=being the only one of its type)同类事物中独一无二的。如:This stamp is unique; all others like it have been lost or destroyed.
202. People cannot but feel _____, for they simply cannot understand how he could have made such a stupid mistake.
A. puzzled    B. delighted    C. induced    D. inspired
[答案]A. puzzled
[注释]be (feel, get) puzzled感到迷惑、为难。
203. When a space shuttle has accomplished its _____, it can be ready for another trip in about two weeks.
A. venture       B. mission
C. commission    D. responsibility
[答案]B. mission
[注释]mission通常指一种特殊的、特定的且有一定难度的使命或工作,常与accomplish, complete等词搭配,如:accomplish a historic mission完成一项历史使命。Venture冒险;常指商业上的冒险投机。例如:He declined the business venture. Commission委任;代理;佣金。He often goes beyond his commission.(他时常越权。)responsibility责任。
204. He's the kind of man who is fond of _____ compliments to other men's wives.
A. paying    B. saying    C. expressing    D. showing
[答案]A. paying
[注释]pay a compliment (compliments) to sb.恭维某人。
205. Radar enables the pilot of an airliner to take off, fly and land in _____.
A. danger    B. comfort   C. continuity    D. safety
[答案]D. safety
[注释]in safety安全地。从逻辑上看,其他选择均不切题。
206. The map was drawn to the standard _____ of 1/100,000, so there was not much detail.
A. route    B. line    C. rate    D. scale
[答案]D. scale
[注释]scale在此题中意指“(实物与地图、图解等代表物间的)比例,比例尺”.be drawn to be standard scale of 1/100,000(按照十万分之一标准比例尺绘制)。
207. Our Party has always devoted great attention to raising the living _____ of the working people.
A. cost    B. situation    C. level    D. standard
[答案]D. standard
[注释]living standard生活水准。
208. It was _____ by the railway board that the cost of rail fares would be increased by ten percent.
A. noticed    B. stated    C. suggested    D. noted
[答案]B. stated
[注释]state此处意为“(=make sth. know, announce)宣布,通告,声明(口头的或书面的)”,如:It is stated that all the accident were killed.(据宣布,事故中全部人员无一幸免。)suggest建议,是表示欲望意义的动词,从句中要用虚拟语气(should +动词原形)。Note(=notice)“注意到”,如:It was noted that the temperature rose during this time.
209. The chances of discovering life on Neptune are about a million _____.
A. at one    B. for one    C. to one    D. against one
[答案]c. the one
[注释]a million to one百万分之一,意为“几乎没有什么可能”。
210. Everything he said then was _____ by what happened later.
A. identified    B. signified    C. noticed    D. verified
[答案]D. verified
[注释]verify(=prove the truth of)证实,证明:1)It was easy to verify his statements.(很容易证实他说的话。) 2)Later findings verified the scientist's theory(后来的各种发现证明这位科学家的理论是对的。)
identify识别,鉴别;signify表示,意味,要紧;有重要性:1)He signified that he agreed by nodding.(他点头表示同意。) 2)Never mind, it doesn't signify.(没事儿,这无关紧要。)
211. The party, which had been greatly _____, was spoiled by the rude behavior of an uninvited guest.
A. looked forward to    B. looked up to
C. called forth         D. called for
[答案]A. looked forward to
[注释]Look forward to 期待,盼望。参阅Ⅲ.109.; call forth引起,唤起。参阅Ⅲ.29注释。 Call for需要,参阅Ⅲ.26注释。Look up to尊敬。
212. It was clear that the small grocer was _____ people he owed money to.
A. at the expense of     B. at the risk of
C. in the way of         D. at the mercy of
[答案]D. at the mercy of
[注释]at the mercy of在......支配下:The ship was at the mercy of the waves.(这艘船任凭风浪摆布。)
at the expense of以......为代价,靠牺牲......;in the way of碍......事;at the risk of冒......的危险:1)He devoted his time to football at the expense of his studies.(他牺牲学习把时间都花在足球上。) 2)Her social lift got in the way of her studies.(她的社交生活妨碍了她的学习。) 3)We do this at the risk of our lives and liberties.(我们冒丢掉生命和丧失自由的危险做这件事。)
213. I _____ her not to walk on the thin ice but she would not listen to me.
A. warned    B. persuaded    C. suggested    D. noticed
[答案]A. warned
[注释]warn sb. (not) to do sth.警告某人(不)做某事。
suggest不能接sb. to do sth。persuade sb.(not) to do sth.说服、某人(不)做某事;本题中不能选D. persuaded, 因该动词强调行为的结果。从逻辑上讲,既然“说服了”,那么与she wouldn't listen to me就前后矛盾了。如果把句子该为:I tried to persuade her not to walk on the thin ice but she wouldn't listen to me.(我极力劝她不要在薄冰上走,但她不愿听我的话。),那么就符合逻辑了。
[注意]warn sb. of sth.警告某人有......。
214. When products made in factories _____, they are thrown away as garbage.
A. come to an end    B. are put to use
C. are used up       D. wear out
[答案]D. wear out
[注释]wear out本题中意指(become useless form continued use of wear)用坏,穿破,如:The machine will soon wear out.(这机器即将用坏。)come to and end(结束),put ... to use(投入使用), use up(用完), come into use(开始投入使用)。
215. She is making herself ill with _____ over her son's future.
A. trouble    B. annoyance    C. disgust    D. worry
[答案]D. worry
[注释]worry既可作动词用,也可以作名词用,意思是“忧虑”,后接介词about或over。worry over 比worry about对某事的忧虑更为持久,更为专注,如:He worries over the least thing that goes wrong.(他总是惟恐有一点小事出错。)
216. The microphone enabled them to keep in touch, in other words, it made it _____ for them to contact each other.
A. likely    B. capable    C. possible    D. probable
[答案]C. possible
[注释]able有才能的,有能力的,指人的才智,而且是受过实际锻炼的才干。Capable“有才能的,能胜任的”(有褒、贬二义),如:He is capable of anything.(他什么事都干得出来。)此句含有明显得贬义。此外,作表语时,able接不定式,capable接of. capable还有一意思是“有可能 的”,例如:The car is capable of being repaired .(这辆汽车是有可能修好的。)用于此义时,be capable of 后常接被动语态动名词或有动作意义的名词:The situation is capable of improvement .possible 强调客观可能性,“可能的”程度比probable"大概的,很可能的低一些。
注意likely与possible在结构搭配上的区别。Likely可用于下列句型中:1)It is likely that...例如:It is highly likely that he will succeed.(很可能他会成功。)2)think(feel, consider)it likely ...例如:I think it likely that we will ultimately get a certain amount of money.3)be likely to do sth.例如:He is likely to see you again .但下面的句型是错误的,It is likely for sb to do sth.所以think it likely for sb. to do sth.也是错误的,故本题不能选likely.
217. They did not find _____ to prepare for the worst conditions they might meet.
A. worth their while      B. it worthwhile
C. it worth             D. it worthy
[答案]B. it worthwhile
[注释]worthwhile值花时间(或精力)干的:1)The visit to Paris was worthwhile .2)He thinks teaching foreign languages is worthwhile.3)She has a very worthwhile job.4)I think it worthwhile to work on my stamp collection.
Worthy (of)配得上,值得:1)He is worthy of being praised.(=He is worthy to be praised.)2)He is a worthy winner.3)She is not worthy to talk to man like you.(她配不上与你这样一位男士谈话)。
218. In spite of the thunderstorm, the children slept _____ all night.
A. densely    B. soundly    C. loudly    D. noisily
[答案]B. soundly
[注释]sleep soundly熟睡。也可以说sleep heavily.
219. John _____ knowledge of radio just by staying around the radio station.
A. caught on    B. worked up
C. took up      D. picked up
[答案]D. picked up
[注释]pick up学到,习得。详见Ⅲ。130注释。
220. I support your decision, but I should also make it clear that I am not going to be _____ to it.
A. connected    B. fastened    C. bound    D. stuck
[答案]C. bound
[注释]be bound to sth.受...的约束:I was bound to my promise.(我受我的诺言约束)[注意]be bound to do sth.1)一定会:The plan is bound to win.(这项计划一定会成功。)2)有责任(义务):You are bound to obey the laws.(你有责任遵守法纪)。
221. Professor Jordon is well known for his _____ into the habits of the common housefly.
A. examination    B. introduction
C. research       D. expression
[答案]C. research
[注释]research into对...研究:1)(作动词用)He is researching into the reading problems of young school children.2)(作名词用)to carry out a research(=some research)into the causes of brain damage.(对大脑损伤原因进行研究)。
研究可译为make researches into, make a study of 或直接用动词study vt或research into (a problem etc.).
222. The Prime Minister refused to comment on the rumor that he had planned to _____.
A. discharge    B. dismiss    C. resign    D. resume
[答案]C. resign
[注释]resign(=give up a post)辞职:1)imagine he will resign. 2)It was his duty to resign his position.
discharge sb.= dismiss sb.解雇某人
He was discharged(=dismissed) for being dishonest.
223. It was decided to _____ the search when there was no hope of finding the missing girl alive.
A. call off    B. take up    C. keep off    D. ring up
[答案]A. call off
[注释]call off(=cancel)取消。详见Ⅲ。25注释。
224. He put in a special _____ for an extra day's holiday so that he could attend his daughter's wedding.
A. request    B. demand    C. inquiry    D. proposal
[答案]A. request
[注释]request请求,put in a request for (提出请求)。enquiry询问,demand 需求,需要,proposal建议,均不和题意。
225. She _____ the temptation to buy a coat she could not afford.
A. challenged    B. obstructed
C. contradicted    D. resisted
[答案]D. resisted
[注释]resist 此处意指(=keep oneself back from)“忍住...”,resist temptation(不受诱惑)。
226. Scientists have to work hard to keep _____ with modern discoveries and developments.
A. company    B. track    C. touch    D. pace
[答案]D. pace
[注释]keep pace with跟上:1)This horse is too weak to keep pace with the others. 2)I can't help pace with your plan.
keep in touch with与......保持联系;了解(情况);1)People can keep in touch with each other even when they do leave. 2)I find it very difficult to keep in touch with all the recent developments in my subject.(我觉得很难了解我的科目当前的一切新发展。)
keep company(with)与......相好:Never keep company with dishonest persons.(千万不要和不诚实的人来往。)
keep track of通晓事态,了解动向:I find it difficult to keep track of my old friends.(我很难了解我的老朋友的情况。)keep track of的反义结构是lose track of(失去联系)。
227. He didn't _____ what I read because his mind was on something else.
A. hold on    B. catch on    C. take in    D. get over
[答案]C. take in
[注释]take in(=understand)理解。参阅Ⅲ。173注释。hold on(打电话时)不要挂断;catch on明白(作不及物动词用),catch on to懂得,明白(作及物动词用);get over克服。
228. We made plans for a visit but _____ difficulties with the car prevented it.
A. consequent     B. subordinate
C. substantial     D. subsequent
[答案]D. subsequent
[注释]subsequent(=later, following)随后得,接着发生的:subsequent events(随后发生的事件)。consequent(作为结果)而随之发生的:His long illness and consequent absence put him behind in his work.根据题意,本题用subsequent更妥。
229. Arrogance and pride are similar in meaning, but there is _____ difference between them.
A. a submerged      B. an indecisive
C. an indistinct    D. a subtle
[答案]D. a subtle
a subtle difference.(微细的差别)。Submerged浸没的;indecisive非决定性的,非结论性的,未清楚标明的;indistinct不清楚的,模糊的;subconscious下意识的。
230. This watch is _____ to all the other watches on the market.
A. superior    B. advantageous
C. super      D. beneficial
[答案]A. superior
231. The government has lost a great deal of _____ because of the large increase in food pries.
A. strength    B. support    C. agreement    D. vote
[答案]B. support
[注释]lose support失去支持。vote作为“选票”解时,是可数名称,所以不能与a great deal of搭配。
232. The branches could hardly _____ the weight of the fruit.
A. retain    B. maintain   C. sustain    D. remain
[答案]C. sustain
[注释]sustain(=hold up the weight of)承住,支撑:An old wall cannot sustain a new building.
233. He thought this was the first pair of shoes that had fitted him _____.
A. perfectly    B. justly    C. fairly    D. rightly
[答案]A. perfectly
[注释]perfectly(=quite well, completely)十分,完全地。
234. I feel sure that _____ qualification, ability and experience, you are abundantly suited to the position we have in mind.
A. in case of           B. in terms of
C. in the opinion of    D. in the course of
[答案]B. in terms of
[注释]in terms of依据,按照。In case of万一......;in the opinion of按照......的看法;in the course of在......的过程中,在......期间。以上4个习语均为大纲规定之列,考生应熟记、活用。
Have...in mind心中想到。
235. So far as he could, John had always tried to _____ the example he saw in Lincoln.
A. live up to    B. set forth    C. call for    D. cut out
[答案]A. live up to
[注释]live up to不辜负,作到;参阅Ⅲ,102注释, set forth阐明,提出,列举;参阅Ⅲ,154注释, cut out删去;参阅Ⅲ,38注释, call for需要,要求;参阅Ⅲ,26注释。
236. It would be _____ a risk to let the child go to school by himself.
A. following    B. passing    C. running    D. carrying
[答案]C. running
[注释]run(take) a risk 冒风险:You are running a big risk in trusting him.(你信任他是冒极大的风险。) by oneself(=alone)单独,独立地。
237. Children who are over-protected by their parents may become _____.
A. hurt    B. spoiled    C. damaged    D. harmed
[答案]B. spoiled
[注释]spoil(=make a child selfish from having too much attention or praise)宠坏,惯坏;Spare the rod, spoil the child.(省下了棍子,惯坏了孩子。)这是英国谚语,意为“棒头上出孝子”。
238. Paper making began in China and from there it _____ to North Africa and Europe.
A. sprang    B. spilled    C. carried    D. spread
[答案]D. spread
[注释]spread vt./vi. 此处意指“传播”,如:1)The news spread quickly. 2)Files spread disease.(苍蝇传播疾病。)carry是及物动词,意为把某人从一处带到他处,故也有“传送”的含义,如:He carried the news to everyone in the village. 当carry vt. 在本句中与句子的语法结构不符。Carry作vi.用时,指“(发射物、声音等)能射到,能传到”,如:His voice carries far. (他的声音能传得很远。)
239. When the entire class worked together they finished the project _____.
A. in no way       B. in no time
C. on no account   D. in no case
[答案]B. in no time
[注释]in no time (=in a very little time, soon, quickly)立即,马上:The bus filled with students in no time. (这辆公共汽车很快就被学生挤满了。)
240. The _____ of his clothes indicated too clearly that he had been playing football.
A. state    B. condition    C. occasion    D. situation
[答案]A. state
[注释]state n. 状况,状态。例如:She is in a poor state of health. Situation处境,形势,局面,情况,工作:He was in a hopeless situation. condition 情况(多用复数): Economic conditions were bad. occasion 场合,时机。
241. Circus tigers, although they have been tamed, can _____ attack their trainer.
A. unexpectedly    B. deliberately
C. reluctantly     D. subsequently
[答案]A. unexpectedly
[注释]unexpectedly 出乎意料地。例如:He unexpectedly failed to get the job.(他出乎意料没有得到这件工作。)又如:We met each other unexpectedly. (我们不期而遇。)deliberately故意地:I believe the house was deliberately set fire to.(我相信这房子是有人故意放火烧的。)reluctantly 不情愿地,勉强地:She agreed, very reluctantly, to help. (她十分买鸟枪地同意帮忙。) subsequently后来,随后:He escaped from prison but was subsequently recaptured. (他越狱逃跑了,但后来又被抓回来。)
242. Stressful environments lead to unhealthy behaviors such as poor eating habits, which _____ increase the risk of heart disease.
A. in turn    B. in return    C. by chance    D. by turns
[答案]A. in turn
[注释]in turn (插入语)转而,依次,而又:We need revision of estimated sales and this, in turn , will mean revision in production schedule. (我们必须修改预计销量,而这反过来又意为这修订生产计划。)in return 作为报答: I wish I could do something for you in return. (我要是能为你做点事作为报案就好了。)I gave him a present but he gave me nothing in return.(我送给他一份礼物,可他却什么也不给我作为答谢。)by chance (=by accident)偶然地;无意中:I meet him by chance on Fifth Avenue.(我偶然在第5大街上遇到他。)by turns 轮流地,依次:There were twelve of us in the boat and we rowed by turns.(船上有12人,我们轮流划船。)
243. The patients believe that the doctor knows exactly how to put them _____.
A. correct    B. perfect    C. right    D. well
[答案]C. right
[注释]put sth. /sb. right 纠正;治好,使恢复健康:Since man has done so much damage, it is up to man to put the matters right. (既然人类已造成了如此巨大的损害,人类又哲人纠正这种状况。)又如:This medicine will soon put you right. (这药很快会使你恢复健康。)其他3个选择均不能与put 构成习语,故不能入选。
244. They decided to leave the waiter a big _____ because the food and service had been excellent.
A. note    B. reward    C. tip    D. gift
[答案]C. tip
[注释]tip 本题中意为“小费”。
245. And you find that you're not to be _____ with a position of real responsibility.
A. offered    B. trusted    C. furnished    D. retained
[答案]B. trusted
[注释]trust sb. with sth. 把某事托付给某人:I can't trust him with my car.(我不能把我的车托付给他。)本题译文:你认为不会把真正有责任的工作托付给你。
246. There was a good _____ of the countryside from the front of the bus.
A. sight    B. view    C. scene    D. scenery
[答案]B. view
[注释]view在本句中意指“看,眺望”,如:It is a large room with a view of the doctor's well-kept garden. (这是一间大房间,从房间里能看到医生精心管理的花园。)本题译文:坐在汽车的前排座位可以清楚地看到乡间的景色。
247. In aerospace devices the weight of the necessary power producing equipment is _____.
A. vital    B. possible    C. capable    D. reliable
[答案]A. vital
[注释]vital 极其重要的。本题译文:在航空航天装置中必要的动力设备的重量问题是至关紧要的。
248. This album is _____ as it was the only one ever signed by the President.
A. unusual    B. unique    C. rare    D. special
[答案]B. unique
[注释]unique(某一类中)独一无二的。如选unusual(不寻常的,独特的),虽然也说得过去,但毫无疑问,unique是最佳选择,因为它的后面the only one相呼应。Special专门的,专用的,例如;They went to London on a special train.[他们搭一班专车(或加班车)去伦敦。]rare稀有的,罕见的,如:rare metals(稀有的金属)。Singular单数的。
249. Trains stop here in order to _____ passengers only.
A. get off    B. pick up    C. pull up    D. pull in
[答案]B. pick up
[注释]pick up passages(接运旅客上车。)
pull in(火车)进站;(船)靠岸;pull up停车;get off下车。
250. He _____ the place where he had been bitten by an insect.
A. snatched    B. scratched
C. squeezed    D. stretched
[答案]B. scratched
[注释]scratch抓,搔。此外,有一常用习语:scratch one's head over sth.对某事迷惑不解,搔头皮。snatch掠夺;stretch拉长,延伸,撑大;squeeze压榨,挤。
251. It is not profitable to provide bus services in districts where the population is widely _____.
A. scattered    B. dismissed    C. separated    D. spread
[答案]A. scattered
[注释]scattered是scatter的过去分词,也可作形容词用,(=lying in different directions; not situated together, wide apart)分散的,散布在各处的。Separate分开的,spread传播;摊开,dismiss解雇。
252. There are usually at least two _____ of looking at every question.
A. ways    B. directions    C. views    D. opinions
[答案]A. ways
[注释]two ways of looking at every questions意指“观察每个问题的两个方面”。
253. He left in such a hurry that I _____ had time to thank him.
A. almost    B. even    C. nearly    D. scarcely
[答案]D. scarcely
[注释]scarcely(=hardly, not quite, almost not)几乎没有。Scarcely是否定副词,类似的有:hardly, barely, rarely, seldom, little等。研究生入学考试中经常测试这类否定副词的用法。
254. As more and more cars are produced and used, so the _____ from their exhaust-pipes contains an even larger volume of poisonous gas.
A. exposure     B. distribution
C. expansion    D. emission
[答案]D. emission
[注释]emission散发物,发射。exposure(to)暴露于:They believe that their health problems are the result of years of exposure to fine cotton dust.(他们认为,他们的健康问题是多年来暴露于棉花粉尘所致。)expansion膨胀,扩大;Heat causes the expansion of gas.本题译文:正如汽车的生产和使用越来越多一样,汽车的排气管的散发物内所含的有毒气体量也在增加。
255. The book seems to have been _____ from various books and articles.
A. pieced together      B. taken off
C. broken away        D. pulled out
[答案]A. pieced together
[注释]piece together拼合,拼凑;take off起飞;break away from脱离;pull out拔出;驶出;(车)减速。
256. We had a marvelous holiday: only the last two days were slightly _____ by the weather.
A. damaged    B. hurt    C. ruined    D. spoiled
[答案]D. spoiled
[注释]spoiled使......扫兴: A shower of rain spoiled our day's outing.
257. I could tell he was surprised from the _____ on his face.
A. appearance    B. view    C. sight    D. expression
[答案]D. expression
258. I'd like to take _____ of this opportunity to thank you all for your cooperation.
A. profit    B. benefit    C. advantage    D. interests
[答案]C. advantage
[注释]take advantage of(=make use of sth. for one's own benefit)利用:take advantage of my ignorance(利用我的无知)。
259. If you ever have the _____ to go abroad to work, you should take it.
A. possibility    B. offer    C. luck   D. chance
[答案]D. chance
[注释]chance(偶然的)机会。Have与the(或 a) possibility不能搭配;常用There is a possibility for sb. to do sth.表示客观存在的“可能性”。
260. Scientists think they have _____ in their attempt to find the causes of some major dieases.
A. broken through    B. worked out
C. fallen out        D. got round
[答案]A. broken through
[注释]break through(=be successful after overcoming a difficulty)突破;取得重大成果:Scientists hope to break through soon in their fight against heart disease.(科学家希望在与心脏病斗争中很快取得卮蟪晒?
261. His test results are not very _____. He does well one week and badly the next.
A. invariable    B. consequent
C. continuous    D. consistent
[答案]D. consistent
[注释]consistent 1)始终如一,前后一致:He is not consistent in his statements.(他的话并不前后一致。) 2)与......一致:The story is not consistent with the facts. What you say is not consistent with what you do.
262. The new safety regulations were agreed on after _____ with the work-force.
A. conference      B. participation
C. intervention    D. consultation
[答案]D. consultation
[注释]consultation商议:hold a consultation with sb. about sth.(与某人商谈某事)。
263. The room was so quiet that she could hear the _____ of her heart.
A. hitting    B. beating    C. tapping   D. knocking
[答案]B. beating
[注释]beating 此处是动名词,指“(心)跳”:Her heart was beating furiously.
264. During World War II Malta managed to _____ most of Italian and German bombers by throwing up an effective anti-aircraft screen.
A. put out        B. shut out
C. come across    D. get across
[答案]B. shut out
[注释]shut out(=prevent from coming in; block)排除,排斥:They shut out our dust by having double windows.(他们用双层窗户防尘。)
put out扑灭;get across越过;使人了解;come across偶然遇到。
265. I think we should let Maria go camping with her boyfriend. _____, she's a big girl now.
A. Above all    B. After all    C. First of all    D. For all
[答案]B. After all
[注释]after all毕竟。
“for all + 名词”意为“尽管”: For all his wealth, he was unhappy.(尽管他富有,但他并不幸福。)
266. Jim's close _____ to his brother made people mistake them for one another.
A. confusion     B. similarity
C. resemblance    D. imitation
[答案]C. resemblance
[注释]resemblance n. 像(to)。 resemble(vt.)像;She resembles her mother.(=She takes after her mother.)
267. It has been decided that this company has the _____ right to print Mr. Smith's novels.
A. eventual     B. versatile
C. extensive    D. exclusive
[答案]D. exclusive
[注释]exclusive(=reserved to the person(s) concerned)独有的;This bathroom is for the president's exclusive use.
268. He has recently _____ chess to provide himself with some relaxation.
A. taken on    B. taken up    C. held on    D. held up
[答案]B. taken up
[注释]take up开始从事。take on参阅Ⅲ,162,171注释。hold on, hold up参阅Ⅲ,162,171注释。
269. What a terrible experience! _____ , you are safe, that's the main thing.
A. Somehow    B. Anyhow
C. Somewhat    D. Anywhere
[答案]B. Anyhow
[注释]anyhow(at= any rate; in any case)无论如何,不管怎样。
270. John always tries to _____ people who are useful to him professionally.
A. develop       B. provoke
C. correspond    D. cultivate
[答案]D. cultivate
[注释]cultivate sb.结识(有地位的人),培养与......的友谊:He always tries to cultivate rich and famous people.(他总是极力结识有钱的知名人士。)
271. Although he hasn't any formal qualifications, Betas _____ to do well for himself.
A. managed    B. succeeded
C. arranged    D. convinced
[答案]a. managed
[注释]manage to do sth.(=succeed in doing sth.)设法做成某事:1)He managed to escape to South America.(他设法逃到了南美。) 2)We managed to get what we wanted, anyhow.(我们反正设法得到了需要的东西。) 3)Do you suppose you can manage to get me a passport?(你能设法给我弄到一份护照吗?)
本题译文:虽然他没有正式的资力,但他收入很多。Do well for oneself吃香,收入多,改善自己的社会地位。
272. The family is a cooperative enterprise for which it is difficult to _____ rules, because each family needs to work out its own ways to deal with its own problems.
A. set up    B. put down    C. keep up    D. lay down
[答案]D. lay down
[注释]lay down制定。参阅Ⅲ,97注释。
273. After a short holiday, he _____ himself once more to his studies.
A. applied    B. converted    C. engaged    D. exerted
[答案]A. applied
[注释]apply oneself to“致力于”。Apply one's mind to(专心于)。Apply to sb. for aid(向某人求援)。Apply a theory to practice(把理论应用于实践)。
274. She felt _____ of having asked such a silly question when the audience couldn't help laughing.
A. guilty    B. crazy    C. miserable    D. ashamed
[答案]D. ashamed
[注释] be ashamed of因......感到羞耻,惭愧:1)He is ashamed of what he was done.2)She felt ashamed of having done so little.(=She felt ashamed that she had done so little.) 3)John was ashamed to ask for help.(他不好意思向人求助。) 4)Jim was ashamed to have troubled me with so many questions.
be guilty of犯有......罪,过失:1)He was found guilty. 2)I am not guilty of this crime.
275. The driver can adjust the heating in winter and the air conditioning in summer to suit his own _____.
A. leisure         B. preference
C. convenience    D. selection
[答案]B. preference
[注释]preference偏爱,更加喜欢:My preference is for beef rather than for lamb.(我更喜欢牛肉面不是羊肉。)
276. There is not much time left; So I'll tell you about it _____.
A. in detail    B. in brief    C. in short    D. in all
[答案]B. in brief
[注释]in brief(=in a few words)简短地(作状语),例如:He told me in brief what had happened.(他简短地向我讲了已发生地事情。)此处in brief等于briefly。此处,in brief(=in a word, in short)简言之(作插入语)1)It is a long letter, but in brief, he says "No".(这是一封长信,但简言之,他说“不”。) 2)John is smart, polite, and well-behaved. In brief, he is admirable.此句中in brief意为in a word 或in short. in short作插入语,其意思是in a word(总之)。In detail详细地。In all总计,总共:There are 20 in all.
277. She got married although her parents had not given her their _____.
A. allowance    B. consent
C. permit       D. appreciation
[答案]B. consent
[注释]consent n. 同意,赞成;consent (to) vi.同意,如:consent to a plan(同意一项计划)。allowance津贴。permit执照,许可证。
278. The rain was heavy and _____ the land was flooded.
A. consequently    B. constantly
C. continuously    D. consistently
[答案]A. consequently
[注释]consequently (as a result)因而,所以。
279. Magnificent views over the countryside have often _____ people to write poems.
A. convinced    B. inspired    C. induced    D. attracted
[答案]B. inspired
[注释]inspired鼓舞,激励,产生:1)His speech inspired us to try again. 2)He inspired confidence in me.(他使我产生信心。) 3)The good news inspired us with hope.(这个好消息使我们产生希望。)
280. From the cheers and shouts of _____, I gathered that he was winning the race.
A. stimulus         B. urgency
C. encouragement    D. promotion
[答案]C. encouragement
shouts of encouragement(鼓励的欢呼声)。
281. She once again went through her composition carefully to _____ all spelling mistakes from it.
A. withdraw    B. abandon
C. diminish     D. eliminate
[答案]D. eliminate
[注释]eliminate(=get rid of, do away with)消除,排除,淘汰:1) Can the government eliminate poverty?(政府能否消除贫困?) 2)eliminate slang words form an essay(从文章中去掉俚语词)。
282. When the little child caught sight of the young woman _____ in white he started brawling immediately.
A. dressed    B. wearing    C. worn    D. putting on
[答案]A. dressed
[注释]be dressed in 穿这......衣服。Wear意为“穿着”是及物动词,语法结构上与本题不符。Put on穿上,强调的动作。
283. Some areas, _____ their severe weather conditions, are hardly populated.
A. due to       B. but for
C. in spite of    D. with relation to
[答案]A. due to
[注释]due to由于。有些语言专家认为due to引导的短语,在句中只能作表语,如:1)His absence was due to the storm. 2)The delay was due to heavy traffic. 3)This accident was due to his carelessness.但现代英语里due to引导的短语可以作状语用,如:He failed due to carelessness. Due to heavy traffic, he was late for an hour or so.
284. Many university courses are not really _____ to the needs of students or their future employers.
A. associated    B. relative    C. geared    D. sufficient
[答案]C. geared
[注释]be geared to与......相连接的,与......搭配得上的。Be relative to与......有关的:This is not relative to the accident.(这和这次事故无关。)本题意指courses(课程)是否与needs(需要)挂得上钩,而不是一般得有点关系,故应选geared.
285. If we can _____ our present difficulties, then everything should be all right.
A. get off       B. come across
C. come over    D. get over
[答案]D. get over
[注释]get over (difficulties)克服(困难)。
286. Be careful how you _____ that jug, it will break very easily.
A. pour    B. operate    C. handle    D. employ
[答案]C. handle
[注释]handle意为“用手拿......”:Wash your hands before you handle my books.
287. We suddenly saw the bus about to leave and had to run _____ to catch it.
A. hardly    B. awkwardly    C. hard    D. strongly
[注释]run hard意为“使劲跑”,句中hard是副词。Hardly“几乎不“,是否定副词,与本题不符。
288. He hated the war so much that he decided to leave the army _____.
A. for long    B. once in a while
C. for good    D. once upon a time
[答案] C. for good
[注释] for good (=permanently)永久地:He says he's leaving the country for good.
for long 长久地。按本题题意,用 for long 不妥。once upon a time 从前。once in a while 偶尔。
289. This year the farmers were just able to gather in the _____ before the fine weather came to an end.
A. collection    B. harvest    C. flower    D. plant
[答案] B. harvest
[注释] gather in “收获(庄稼)”: The farmers are gathering in the corn.
290. A successful scientist needs _____ if he wants to make hypothesis (假设) of how processes work and how events take place.
A. permission     B. penetration
C. imagination    D. convention
[答案] C. imagination
[注释] imagination 想象力;penetration 穿透;permission 允许; convention 惯例,常规。
291. Tell your brother to come _____, because it's going to rain in a minute or two.
A. indoors    B. outdoors    C. outward    D. inwards
[答案] A. indoors
[注释] 按句子的逻辑意思应选indoors adv. 向屋里;在屋里,inwards adv,向内,向中心,outward 向外。outdoors 是 indoors 的反义词。
本文译文: 叫你兄弟进屋来,因为天马上要下雨了.
292. I can't advise you what to do. You must use your own _____.
A. opinion    B. guesswork    C. justice    D. judgment
[答案] D.judgement
[注释] judgement 判断。guesswork 猜测,justice 正义,公正,ideal 理想。
293. Because of the poor harvest, wheat prices have _____ in the last six months.
A. added    B. jumped    C. amounted    D. developed
[答案] B. jumped
[注释] jump (=rise suddenly in price) 指“(价格)暴涨”。
294. There is a 20 minute parking _____ here, so we must get back to the car very quickly.
A. freedom    B. limit    C. allowance    D. prohibition
[答案] B. limit
[注释] parking limit 意为在停车场“停车的时间限制”。a 20 minutes parking limit (停车时间限制为20分钟)。
295. The country needs a _____ government. We have had three Prime Ministers in a year.
A. stationary    B. changeless    C. constant   D. stable
[答案] D. stable
[注释] stable 稳定的。stationary 静止的,不变的,固定的。changeless 不变 的 ,无变化的。constant 经常不断的。 
296. Having said he would mend the clock, he discovered that he had not brought the _____ tools for the job.
A. concise    B. correct    C. right    D. precise
[答案] C. right
[注释] right 适当的,恰当的:He is the right man to do the job。(他是干这 项工作的合适人选) concise 简明扼要的,correct 正确的;exact 确切的: exact time 确切的时间,exact age 确切的年龄,exact weight 确切的重量; exact weight 确切的重量;exact information 确切的信息;exact cause 确切 的原因;exact meaning 确切的意思。
297. Radium salts, which have been found to _____ in bones, give rise to cancers of the bone.
A. pile up    B. build up    C. keep up    D. pull up
[答案] B. build up
[注释] build up(=accumulate) 积累。pile up 堆积。keep up 保持,维持。 pull up 停车。
298. It has been laid down that each student must _____ a composition to the teacher once a week.
A. turn in    B. give up    C. put forward    D. bring out
[答案] A. turn in
[注释] turn in(=hand in) 上交。
299. Our house is the most _____ one in the street; it is painted red.
A. permanent    B. indifferent
C. predominant    D. prominent
[答案] D. prominent
[注释] prominent 突出的;突起的。indifferent 漠不关心的;permanent 永久 的;predominant 占优势的,主要的。
300. I shall take you back to Beijing _____ you are well enough to travel.
A. presently    B. promptly
C. immediately    D. shortly
[答案] C. immediately
[注释] immediately(=directly) 作连词用,意为“一……就……”,相当于 as soon as .
301. The writer was always looking for suitable _____ to use in his next story.
A. contents    B. articles    C. notions    D. ideas
[答案] D. ideas
[注释] idea(= thought; picture in mind)念头,思想,想法。
302. He gave me some very _____ advice on buying a house.
A. precious    B. worthy    C. precise    D. valuable
[答案] D. valuable
[注释] valuable 宝贵的,有价值的,常可修饰advice, suggestion, assistance, discovery等名词。 precious“贵重的”如: precious metals(贵金 属),precious stone(宝石)。
303. You will get to the church more quickly if you take this _____ across the fields.
A. track    B. passage    C. method    D. journey
[答案] A. track
[注释] track(=path made by frequent use)意指“(常走而踏成的)小径”,如:a track across the moor(越过荒野的小径)。passage“通路”,如:force a passage through a crowd(在人群中挤出的一条通路). 可见此处选passage不妥。
304. A landing on Mars is within the _____ of current physical theory.
A. scheme    B. scope    C. scrap    D. scale
[答案] B. scope
[注释] scope 范围,活动范围,理解犯围: 1. Many words are outside the scope of this dictionary. (许多单词是超出了这本词典的范围.) 2. Very hard words are not within the scope of a child's understanding。(非常难懂的 词是超出了一个孩子的理解范围.) 3. Economics is beyond the scope of a child's mind. (经济学是孩子理解不了的.)
305. He was _____ by a bee when he was collecting the honey.
A. scratched    B. pricked    C. stung    D. bitten
[答案] C. stung
[注释] sting 刺,蛰,叮。在英语中蜜蜂蛰用 sting ;而蚊子“叮”用 bite, 如: A mosquito just bit me.(狗、蛇,咬),钧用 bite ,scratch 搔,prick vt. 扎(穿),刺(穿)。
306. Don't go too far into the sea, children, or the waves will _____ you off your feet.
A. flow    B. cut    C. press    D. sweep
[答案] D. sweep
[注释] sweep sb,off sb's feet 由两层意思,直义为“(浪等)把某人冲倒”,转义是“使产生强烈的好感,使完全信服”,如: His speech swept them off their feet. (他的演说使他们五体投地。)
307. The store had no more red shoes _____, so Mary chose brown ones instead.
A. in demand    B. in store    C. in need    D. in stock
[答案] D. in stock
[注释] in stock(=having sth. ready to sell or use;in present supply) 有 现货供应: The shop has suger in stock. (这个商店有白糖供应.) in demand(=needed;wanted;) 有需求: The book about dogs was much in demand in the library.(=Many people wanted to read the book about dogs that in the library.) in need(=in poverty,in trouble)在贫困中,在困难中: A friend in need is a friend indeed。(A friend who helps when one is in trouble is areal friend.) in store(=saved up in case of need; ready for use for some purpose) 储备待用:于If the electricity goes off,we have candles in the closet.(=We have candles put away if we need them for light.)(如果电灯灭了,我们壁橱里还备有蜡烛。)
[注意] in stock 强调商店备有现货以供出售,而 in store 则指储备物品以供急需使用。此外 in store 还可以表示“等待着,必将发生”。例如: I have a surprise in store for you.(我有一个你料想不到的消息要告诉你。)
本题译文: 这家商店没有红鞋供应,所以玛丽买了一双宗色的鞋。
308. Bill is not a fast runner and he doesn't have a chance of winning the marathon, but he will _____ the race even if he finishes last.
A. keep on    B. keep to    C. stick out    D. stick to
[答案] C. stick out
[注释] stick out(=keep on doing sth。until it is done,no matter how long,hard,or unpleasant) 坚持下去: Mathematics is hard,but if you stick it out you will understanding it(=Mathematics is hard,but if you keep on working hard at it you will learn it.) 此外,stick on 还可表示 (stand out) 突出: The skyscraper sticks out against the bkue sky.(这幢摩 天大楼映着蓝图显得格外突出。)
[注意] stick out与keep to 均有“坚持”的含义。stick out 特指“坚持下功夫 干一件事,不完成决不收兵”;而keep to 则强调“坚持、遵守、坚守”诺言、 规则、原则、精神、岗位。可见,keep to 的英文释义为 ability by;adhere to,stick closely to。例如: keep to one's promise(遵守诺言);keep to the rules of a game(遵守比赛规则);keep to a principle(坚持原则);keep one's pos(坚守岗位)。因此,我们可以说keep to相当于 stick to,而区别于 stick out.
309. Can you _____ me _____ two hundred copies of this article by tomorrow.
A. give ... out     B. send ... in
C. write ... off    D. run ... off
[答案] D. run … off
[注释] run off(=produce with a printing press or duplicating machine)印刷,复印:The print shop ran off a thousand copies of the newspaper.(=The print shop printed 1000 copies of the newspaper.)
write off报废,勾销。参阅Ⅲ.200.注释。give out分发,发出。send in 呈报,递交,送上: 1. Have you sent in your application? (你是否已递交了你的申请书?) 2. He sent in two oil paintings for the exhibition. (他送上两幅油画参展。)
310. The current political _____ of our country is favorable for foreign investments.
A. climate    B. weather    C. state    D. occasion
[答案] A. climate
[注释] climate 指某一地区的长期气侯,而weather则指某一天的“天气”。本题中的climate(=the general temper or opinion of a group of the people or period of history) 指“某一团体历史时期的总的状况和民意”。例如: climate of the political unrest 不稳定的政治状况. state(=condition) 状态;be in a state of 处于某种状态. 例如: 1 The room was in a very dirty state. 2 She is in a state of confusion. (她处于慌乱状态.) 由上可见,climate 最合题意。
本题译文: 我国目前的政治气候有利于外国的投资。
311. It was with great delight that I read in your February _____ the letter to the Editor written by Prof. Johnson.
A. issue    B. printing    C. magazine    D. copy
[答案] A. issue
[注释]根据题意,此处是指某杂志二月份的那一期,故应选 issue。printing 印刷;
印刷术。至于 copy 与 issue 的区别,copy 指书刊的“本,册”;而 issue 是指报刊或杂志的“期”。
本题译文: 非常高兴地拜读了贵刊二月的一期中所登载的约翰逊教授致编辑的信。
312. What I'm telling you is strictly _____. Do not let anyone know of it.
A. secretive     B. special
C. individual    D. confidential
[答案] D. confidential
[注释] confidential(=spoken or written in secret) 机密的,应保密的:The information is confidential. special 专门的,专用的: a special car(专车)。
individual 个别的,单个的。secretive(=fond of keeping secrets) 爱保密的,守口如瓶的。
本题译文: 我现在告诉你的事是保密的,千万别让人知道。
313. The author had qualified as a doctor but later gave up the _____ of medicine for full-time writing.
A. prescription    B. procedure
C. treatment      D. practice
[答案] D. practice
[注释] practice(医生或律师的)业务,生意: 1. The lawer has a very good practice. 2. We call a doctor's work and the number of patients he look after his practice. (我们把医生的工作和医治病人的数目称为开业状况。)
prescription 药方;procedure 程序,手续;treatment 治疗,待遇。
本题译文: 这位作者当过医生,但后来放弃开业,专搞写作。
314. Julie is one of those women who always _____ the latest fashions.
A. put up with    B. come up with
C. get on with    D. keep up with
[答案] D. keep up with
[注释] keep up with 跟上,与……并驾齐驱;及时了解。put up with 忍受;get on with有进展;生活得……;come up with 提出。
本题译文: 朱莉是那些总赶时髦的女子之一。
315. Having made his first film earlier this year, he is _____ starting in a new one.
A. currently    B. actually    C. recently    D. lately
[答案] A. currently
[注释] currently 目前;actually 实际上;recently 近来;lately(=recently) 近来。
start in(on) 开始(做某事),常用于口语中,如: 1. Fred started in wedding the garden. (弗雷得开始在花园里除草。) 2. If we start in at once,we shall get the job finished early. (如果我们马上开始,我们可以早点完成这项工作。)
316. My house is very _____ for getting to work as it is only a few minutes from the station.
A. comfortable    B. suitable
C. convenient    D. available
[答案] C. convenient
[注释]convenient 方便的。suitable也可接for,但其词义和本题不符,故不能选。
317. When college students _____ future employment, they often think of status, income, and prestige.
A. demand    B. assume    C. apply    D. anticipate
[答案] D. anticipate
[注释] anticipate 预料,期望,预望:The first question is one the John has anticipated. (第一个问题是约翰已经预料到的。)
318. Alice _____ her father that both she and her husband would be happy if he would live with them.
A. convinced    B. reinforced
C. pledged      D. required
[答案] A. convince
[注释] convince sb. +that从句意为“使……相信,说服……”。reinforce 加强,增强。pledge发誓,保证。
319. Neither of them thought highly of him and they both tried to _____ him in his work.
A. hamper    B. support    C. depress    D. prevent
[答案] A. hamper
[注释] hamper(=hinder)阻碍。prevent 防止,后接from.
320. She chose cushions of a color which would _____ her carpet.
A. equal    B. agree    C. help    D. match
[答案] D. match
[注释] match vt. 匹配;相配: 1. You can't match him in his knowledge of wild plants. (在野生植物知识方面,你无法于他相比。) 2. Her hat does match her dress. (她的帽子与她的衣服不配。)
match vi. 相配: These gloves don't match.
321. We finally managed to _____ the committee's approval of our plans.
A. secure    B. arouse    C. acquire    D. exert
[答案] A. secure
[注释] secure 与 acquire 钧有“得到”的含义,但 secure vt. 此处的意思是(=succeed in getting sth. for which there is a great demand)“获得(所需之物)”.acquire“获得,求得”,尤其指由于自己的努力,能力,技术而使原有的东西变得更多,并表示一经求得,即成永久的所有物: The boy has acquire a fire knowledge of geography. (这男孩已得到一点地理知识.)可见,根据题意应选secure.
322. I have such a bad cold that I have lost all _____ of smell.
A. degree    B. sense    C. strength    D. scent
[答案] B. sense
[注释] sense 意为“(五官的)感觉”,如: People have five senses: sight,hearing,smell,taste and touch.
scent 气味,香味。
323. She is so _____ that she cried for days when her pet rabbit died.
A. sensitive      B. sensible
C. imaginative    D. impressive
[答案] A. sensitive
[注释] sensitive敏感的(to),易受伤害的,灵敏的。sensible明智的(of),通情达理的。imaginative有想象力。impressive的给人留下印象的,感人的。
324. The lorry driver was badly _____ when his lorry crashed into a wall.
A. damaged    B. hit    C. hurt    D. harmed
[答案] C. hurt
[注释] damage损坏;harm对......有害;hurt(精神上或肉体上)伤害; hit打击;pain(精神上或肉体上)痛苦。 
325. I caught a _____ of the car before it disappeared around the bend.
A. glance    B. glimpse    C. glare    D. gleam
[答案] B. glimpse
[注释] catch (or get) a glimpse of瞥见(强调行为的结果)。take a glance (or look) at看一眼(强调行为过程本身)。
326. The car salesman took the customer for a driver in the new model in order to _____ its improved features.
A. advocate    B. demonstrate    C. exhibit    D. reveal
[答案] B. demonstrate
[注释]demonstrate(=show clearly by giving proof or example)(用实例,证据)证明,表演。advocate拥护,提倡。exhibit展览,陈列。reveal揭示,暴露。
327. The rainbow _____ as the sun came fully out from behind the clouds.
A. dissolved    B. removed
C. resigned     D. disappeared
[答案] D. disappeared
328. All too _____ it was time to go back to school after the glorious summer holidays.
A. often    B. fast    C. soon    D. late
[答案] C. soon
[注释]all too实在太......,all too soon意为太快了,带有惋惜的意味,如:Tom had snatched a short holiday from his work to come here. He said it ended all too soon.(汤姆趁工作之暇匆匆来此渡一短假,他说,假期过得太快了。)
329. Deserts, dry areas with _____ no vegetation, cover more than one-third of the Earth's land surface.
A. surprisingly    B. eventually
C. permanently     D. virtually
[答案] D. virtually
[注释]virtually(=almost, very nearly; in every way that is really important)几乎,事实上,实际上;My book is virtually finished; I have only a few changes to make in the writing.( 我的书几乎写完了,我只要在作品中再作一点修改就可以了。)
330. After dinner the minister made a short _____ to the guests.
A. delivery        B. pronunciation
C. conversation    D. speech
[答案] D. speech
[注释]make a speech to sb.(向某人做演讲)。make conversation with sb.(和某人闲谈conversation常与下列动词搭配:get (enter) into conversation with(和......攀谈起来),have a conversation with(与......谈话),interrupt (break off) conversation(中断谈话),turn the conversation to other matters(把话题转到其他问题上)delivery常指"(演讲等的)说话方式,口才",如: His report was good, but his delivery was poor.( 他的报告内容很好,但他的口才太差)。
331. When there's doubt the examiner's decision is _____.
A. right    B. final    C. definite    D. fixed
[答案] B. final
[注释]final最终的,不会改变的。definite明确的。fixed固定的,不变的;a fixed income(固定收入)。right正确的。
332. Busy and successful as he was, the novelist was willing to _____ any promising young man and give him all the help he could.
A. take up    B. pick up    C. make up    D. look up
[答案] A. take up
[注释]take up把......当作被保护人,关照,提携,列如:This athlete was taken up by several Boston universities.(这个运动员得到波士顿大学的关照。)
pick up参阅III.129,130注释。
333. He did not find a job yet because he had no _____ to men who could help him.
A. approach    B. application
C. access      D. approval
[答案] C. access
[注释]have access to进入的路;能接近,进入,了解或使用(不可数名词)。列如:1) We had access to his private files.(我们能接触他的私人档案。) 2) Only a few people have access to the full facts of the ase.(只有几人能了解案件的全部事实。) 3) Only high officials had access to the emperor.(只有高级官员才能接近皇帝。)
approach接近,走近,快到;对待处理(事情的)方式;接近(到达)的路:1) He was warned of the enemy.(已警告他敌人已接近。) 2) His book represents a new approach to the difficulty.(他的书代表了处理困难的一种新方法。) 3) The approach to the house was a narrow path.(通到这幢房子的路是一条小径。)
334. The old man got into the _____ of storing money under the bed.
A. tradition    B. habit    C. use    D. custom
[答案] B. habit
[注释]get into the habit of doing sth.意为“养成了做......的习惯"。habit指个人的习惯,而custom则指社会的风俗习惯。tradition“传统"。
335. The beauty of the place is more than I can describe. I am sure whoever sees it will _____ its charm.
A. appeal to   B. stick to    C. keep to    D. yield to
[答案] D. yield to
[注释]yield to:屈服于;投降让步(经常有比较灵活的译法)。如:The disease yielded to treatment.(=The disease was cured as the result of treatment.)(这病经过治疗已减轻或治愈。)
appeal to向......呼吁;stick to(=keep to)坚持。
336. Children are likely to get _____ if no one cares about their upbringing.
A. out of hand     B. out of order
C. out of place    D. out of work
[答案] A. out of hand
[注释]get(or be) out of hand是习语,意为“无法控制,不受约束":This situation appears to be completely out of hand.(看来形势已完全失去控制。)
out of order有毛病,失灵;out of place不得其所的,不适当的;out of work失业。
337. When the Greeks had _____ the Persians, a soldier ran from Marathon to Athens.
A. won    B. bitten    C. beaten    D. hit
[答案] C. beaten
[注释]beat sb. 打败某人。beat sb. black and blue(把某人打得鼻青脸肿)。hit,击,击中:hit a man on the head(打在人的头上);hit at sb.(向某人打去)。strike(=hit ,give a blow at blows to)打,击:strike a man on the chin(打在某人的下巴上)。win赢得,用作此义时,后不能接某人;可以说win a match, a victory, the first prize等。
338. There was a large box behind the door and Peter couldn't _____ falling over it in the darkness.
A. help    B. resist    C. avoid    D. prevent
[答案]C. avoid
[注释]avoid 避免(后接动词或名词): He tried to avoid answering my questions. can't (couldn't) help doing sth. 禁不住做......不由自主地做......。 can't (couldn't) resist doing sth.禁不住做......: I couldn't resist laughing.
339. Maria is a _____ person and never makes any unreasonable demands.
A. sensitive    B. sensible    C. obedient    D. jealous
[答案]B. sensible
[注释]sensible 通情达理的;sensitive敏感的;obedient顺从的;jealous 妒忌的,猜疑的,警惕的。
340. Violent programs on television may have a bad _____ on children.
A. affection    B. pressure    C. influence    D. control
[答案]C. influence
[注释]have a influence on 对...有影响。
341. The shop-assistant was straight with his customers. If an article was of _____ quality, he'd tell them so.
A. humble    B. minor    C. inferior    D. awkward
[答案]C. inferior
[注释]inferior 比较差的;humble谦卑的,恭顺的,低下的;awkward 尴尬的,别扭的,笨手笨脚的;不好用的;minor细小的:1) This cloth is inferior to that one.(这块布比那块质量差)2) She feels inferior to her elder sister.(她感到比姐姐差的多。)3) He is of humble birth.(她出身低微。)4) He is very humble towards his superiors.(他对上司低三下四。)5) he felt awkward and uncomfortable.(他感到尴尬不自在。)6) He was an awkward carpenter.(他是个笨手笨脚的木匠。)7) This is a very awkward question. We must ask that of Hery.(这个问题不好对付,我们必须去问问亨利。)
342. If you put too many potatoes in that paper-bag it will _____.
A. fail    B. explode    C. crack    D. burst
[答案]D. burst
[注释] burst vt./vi.涨破,涨裂。Burst one's clothes(撑破衣服)。
343. One-room schoolhouses can still be found in _____ areas where there are no other schools for many miles.
A. disposed    B. deserted
C. isolated     D. abandoned
[答案]C. isolated
[注释]isolated 孤立的。Deserted被遗弃的;空无一人的;abandoned丢弃的,如;abandoned cars(因报废而丢弃的汽车)。Dispose of sth. 处理掉某物:He disposed of his old car .(他把旧的汽车处理掉了。)意为卖掉或扔掉等。
344. I'm afraid you have no _____ but to come along with us.
A. possibility    B. permission
C. choice       D. selection
[答案]C. choice
[注释]have no choice but 除了...没有别的选择;只能...:I have no choice but to obey. (我只能服从)。
345. I shall never beat John at tennis; we are clearly not in the same _____.
A. set    B. band    C. group    D. class
[答案] D. class
[注释]be in the same class 水平相同。此句中class,意为“(高低、优劣的)等级;种类”。
346. As soon as Charles had _____ a little from his surprise, his one thought was to get away.
A. returned     B. absorbed
C. dissolved    D. recovered
[答案] D. recovered
[注释]recover from 从......恢复过来。
347. When I arrived in this country, I had to start learning the language from _____.
A. scratch    B. scrap    C. snatch    D. scrape
[答案] A. scratch
[注释]start from scratch (=from the beginning, from nothing) 从头开始,白手起家;John brought the radio from scratch. (=John bought the parts and put them together himself.)
348. The thieves _____ him _____ in the park, took his wallet and escaped.
A. held ... back      B. held ... up
C. held ... on        D. held ... out
[答案] B. held ... up
[注释]hold up sb. 拦劫。hold up, hold on, hold out 的用法请参阅III.82,83注释。
349. Japan has to employ an increasing number of overseas workers because there is no easy solution to its labor _____.
A. decline    B. rarity    C. vacancy    D. shortage
[答案] D. shortage
[注释]labour shortage 劳动力短缺。Decline 下降。rarity稀少。vacancy 空缺,未占用。
350. The two dogs started to fight, so we tried to _____ them.
A. split    B. separate    C. tear    D. divide
[答案] B. separate
[注释]separate 意指将结合的东西“分开,拆散”,divide指把整体“分成”几个部分,split(沿一条线-)裂开,tear撕开,distinguish“区分,区别,辨别”。
351. The rapidly growing birth rate brings about a lot of environment problems, which the government is supposed to take _____.
A. significantly    B. severely
C. earnestly    D. seriously
[答案] D. seriously
[注释]take...seriously 是习惯搭配,意为“重视,认真对待”。
352. Carl wanted to play a joke on Bob but gave himself _____ by laughing.
A. away    B. in    C. out    D. up
[答案] A. away
[注释]give away 暴露,泄露。参阅III.68.注释。
353. The government is _____ and will take the necessary steps to maintain security and stability.
A. on the alert      B. out of control
C. on guard        D. in vain
[答案] A. on the alert
[注释]on the alert (=alert; watchful; careful) 警惕,小心:Drivers must be on the alert for traffic signals. (=Drivers must be especially careful to see signals when driving a car.) (司机必须密切注视交通信号。)
out of control 失去控制;on guard站岗;in vain 徒劳,无效。
354. Many people complain of the rapid _____ of modern life.
A. rate    B. pace    C. speed    D. growth
[答案] B. pace
[注释]pace 走或跑的速度;发展或进步速度。
355. She has lost her handbag with the _____ sum of $150 in it.
A. extraordinary    B. important
C. considerable     D. valuable
[答案] C. considerable
[注释]considerable 相当可观的。[注意]considerate考虑周到的,体谅的,体贴的:1)She is considerate to others. (她能体谅别人。) 2)That was very considerate of you.(你真体谅别人。)
356. Russia's withdrawal of its experts from China did not strangle (压垮) the Chinese people; _____ it stirred up their enthusiasm for greater exertions.
A. on the other hand    B. on the contrary
C. to the contrary      D. in consequence
[答案] B. on the contrary
[注释]on the contrary相反地:--Have you nearly done?--On the contrary, I have only just begun. Monday unless you write me to the contrary. (我星期一将来,除非你写信告诉我有相反地情况。)
357. As he had no friends and relatives in the town, the traveler tried to find a _____ somewhere.
A. log    B. lodge    C. landing    D. lodging
[答案] D. lodging
[注释]log 圆木,lodge门房,传达室,lodging住所,landing登陆;降落。
358. Because the children keep interrupting her whenever she reads a book, she is always _____ her place.
A. loosing    B. missing    C. losing    D. looking for
[答案] C. losing
[注释]lose one's place意为读书时“找不到读到哪儿”。类似的习语有:lose heart(灰心,泄气),lose one's heart to sb. (爱上某人),lose one's head(惊慌失措),lose one's hold on(or over)(失去对......的控制),lose one's temper(发脾气),lose one's tongue (紧张得不知说什么好),lose one's way (迷路),lose sight of(看不见了),lose one's never(失去勇气)。
359. The manager said that they had an _____ plan if the plan they had submitted was not accepted.
A. alternate    B. alternative
C. absolute    D. appreciable
[答案] B. alternative
[注释]alternative 可提供选择的,两者挑一的:alternate交替的:1) There was no alternative route open to her. (在她面前没有另外可供选择的路线。) 2) French and English are not alternative courses; but may be taken in the same year.(语法和英语并不是交替开设的课程;而可以在同一年里选修。)
360. Jim isn't _____, but he did badly in the final exams last semester.
A. gloomy    B. dull    C. awkward    D. tedious
[答案] B. dull
[注释]dull (=slow in understanding) 迟钝的。
361. At first Bob was puzzled by Virginia s waving, but then it _____ his mind that she was trying to tell him something.
A. crossed    B. passed    C. occurred    D. opened
[答案] A. crossed
[注释]cross one's mind 想起:1) A sudden thought crossed my mind. 2) It never crossed my mind that he might refuse the request. (我从来没有想到他可能会拒绝这个请求。)
如用pass则应加through, 例如:When Jane did not come home by midnight, many terrible fears passed through Mother's mind. (=Mother thought of many things that might have happened to Jane.)
occur的用法如下:1)That view of the case did not occur to me before. (对这个案件的那种看法以前我没有想到过。) 2) It occurred to her that she might adopt a homeless child. (她想到,她可以收养一个无家可归的孩子。)
362. His job at the hospital did not pay much, so he found another _____.
A. on the rise       B. on the spot
C. on the decline    D. on the side
[答案] D. on the side
[注释]on the side(=in addition to a main thing) 额外;作为兼职:1)He ordered a hamburger with onions and French fries on the side. (=He ordered a hamburger with onions and French fries extra.) 2) He does some house-keeping work on the side.(他帮人家做些家务活作为兼职。)
on the rise(作表语)在上升;on the spot 现场;on the decline (做表语)在下降:The population in the country is on the decline. (这个国家的人口在下降。)
363. The filling station _____ because there were too many others on the street.
A. fell through    B. went under
C. fell out        D. went through
[答案] B. went under
[注释]go under 破产,失败。fall through 也有“失败”之意,但多半指计划、想法等“落空”。
364. Air and the sun's rays create much distortion, and whatever tends to _____ their influence is useful to the astronomer.
A. exclude    B. eliminate    C. extinguish    D. impose
[答案] A. exclude
[注释]exclude 排除。extinguish扑灭;eliminate消除。
impose 把......强加给:Don't impose your wishes on us. (不要把你的意思强加给我们。)
365. The lady who had invited us heard me telling my wife that the dinner was terrible so I was _____.
A. confused    B. nervous
C. shameful    D. embarrassed
[答案] D. embarrassed
[注释]be embarrassed 感到窘迫。
366. Animals should not be locked in cages; they should be in their normal _____.
A. environment    B. position
C. residence       D. dwelling
[答案] A. environment
[注释]environment(=surroundings, circumstances)环境,environment作集合名词用时,只用单数形式:We should work hard to improve our environment. (单词,不可数)Children need a happy home environment. (单数,可数)。
367. I'm sorry but what he thinks is not of the _____ importance to me.
A. merest    B. lowest    C. last    D. least
[答案] D. least
[注释]least 是little的最高级形式。
368. He offered to _____ her a hand as the suitcase was too heavy for her to carry.
A. lend    B. help    C. show    D. loan
[答案] A. lend
[注释]lend sb. a hand给某人帮个忙。
369. I have been looking for this book for months, and _____ I have found it.
A. at least    B. in no time    C. at last    D. at present
[答案] C. at last
[注释]at last (=in the end)最终;at least至少;in no time 立即,马上;at present 目前。
370. It was the largest experiment we had ever had; it _____ six hours.
A. ended    B. finished    C. prolonged    D. lasted
[答案] D. lasted
[注释]last vi. (for) 持续。
371. The _____ stuck on the outside of the envelope said "By Air".
A. label    B. ticket    C. signal    D. sign
[答案] A. label
[注释]label 标签,标记。signal信号. sign记号;指示牌:traffic signs (交通版示)。notice布告。
372. Psychological studies show that some people are quick-tempered _____.
A. at heart     B. on purpose
C. in person    D. by nature
[答案] D. by nature
[注释]by nature 天生,生来。in person 1)亲自,亲身:I shall be present at the meeting in person.(我将亲自出席会议。)2)身体上,外貌上:In person he was handsome, strong and healthy.(他面目清秀,体格强壮。)
at heart 1)内心里,实质上:His manners are cold, but he is at heart a kind man. (他的言谈举止有些冷淡,但实际上他是一个好心肠的人。) 2)考虑的是......:When I say don't eat sweets, I have your health at heart. (我叫你别吃果糖,是考虑到你的健康。) on purpose 故意地。
373. She was putting on her watch when the _____ broke and it fell to the ground.
A. belt    B. strap    C. tie    D. string
[答案] B. strap
374. Feudal landlords, and imperialists are in no way more _____ than wolves.
A. reasonable    B. regardless
C. ridiculous     D. rational
[答案] D. rational
[注释]rational 有理性的。
375. His name was on the _____ of my tongue, but I just couldn't recall it.
A. end    B. point    C. edge    D. tip
[答案] D. tip
[注释]be on (or at) the tip of one's tongue 就在嘴边,差点被想起,如:The answer was on the tip of my tongue, but I could't think of it. (我差点就想起那答案来,可就是想不起来。) be on the point of 正要(去做某事):I was just on the point of going when you came in.
376. The authorities declared that because of the war petrol was _____ and had to be rationed (定量供应).
A. inadequate    B. rare    C. lacked    D. scarce
[答案] D. scarce
scarce(=not available in sufficient quantity, not equal to the demand)不充足的,缺乏的,供不应求的。Inadequate不适应的,不充分的。lack vt./vi. (=be without ; not have; have less than enough of) 缺乏;没有;缺少,例如:1)He lacks perseverance.(他缺乏坚定性。) 2) Money is lacking for the plan.(此计划尚缺钱。) 3) He is lacking in courage.(他缺乏勇气。)be lacking in 常指缺乏某种品质、特点等。lack作及物动词时,一般不用被动语态,故不能选C. lacked. 4) They lacked for nothing.(他们什么也不缺。)有人认为,lack for是美国英语。
377. How did it _____ that the two men arrived to address the same meeting at the same time.
A. fall out       B. take place
C. get around    D. come through
[答案] A. fall out
[注释]fall out 1) 吵架,闹翻。参阅III.45,52。2) 结果是。参III.50注释。本题中fall out意为happen, come about(发生),例如:As it fell out, they were able to sell their old car.(=They didn't know if they could sell their old car, but at last they did sell it.)
本题中it是形式主语,that引导主语从句。一般来说,不宜用take place作主语谓语,故不能入选。
378. He looked incredulous(不轻信的) on hearing the news. He seemed to think it _____.
A. incompatible    B. incredible
C. inclusive       D. indifferent
[答案] B. incredible
[注释]incredible (=that cannot be believed; difficult to believe) 不可相信的,难以置信的:His story of rescuing six drowning men was incredible. (他抢救6个溺水人的事情是难以置信的。) incompatible(with)不相容的。inclusive包括的,包含的。indifferent 冷淡的,不关心的。
379. In my opinion, your work does not _____ what I expected of you.
A. catch up with    B. add up to
C. come up to      D. go in for
[答案] C. come up to
[注释]come up to 达到,符合:1)He tries his best to come up to the expectations of the people.(他努力达到人民对他的期望。)2)This piece of work does not come up to the
required standard.(这件工作没有达到需要的标准。)catch up with 赶上;add up to总计;go in for 从事,致力于,追求,沉溺于。
380. I broke my relationship with John because he always found _____ with me.
A. error    B. mistake    C. fault    D. failure
[答案] C. fault
[注释]find fault with 挑剔,找......的岔子。例如:1) She tries to please him, but he always finds fault. (=He finds something wrong with everything she does.) 2) They found fault with every box I made. (=They found something wrong or something they did not like in every box I made.)
381. Though he did not say so directly, the inspector _____ the man was guilty.
A. declared   B. implied   C. disclosed   D. said
[答案] B. implied
[注释]imply 暗示,含有......的意思:Silence sometimes implies consent. (沉默有时暗示同意。)
382. At first it seemed that the building would be all right but later it was found to need _____.
A. installations     B. modifications
C. innovations     D. illustrations
[答案] B. modifications
[注释]modification 更改,修改;installation 安装,装置;设备;innovation革命;
383. We can only give you the _____ number of refugees crossing the border at the moment.
A. obscure    B. approximate
C. impartial   D. imaginary
[答案] B. approximate
[注释]approximate 近似的,大约的;obscure模糊的;impartial公正的,不偏的;imaginary假想的。
384. Magnificent views over the countryside have often _____ people to write poems.
A. convinced   B. inspired   C. induced   D. attracted
[答案] B. inspired
[注释]inspire 鼓励,激励,产生:1) His speech inspired us to try again. 2) He inspired confidence in me. (他使我产生信心。) 3) The good news inspired us with hope. (这个好消息使我们产生希望。)
385. There are several landladies approved by the universities who take in _____.
A. lodgers   B. residents   C. inhabitants   D. settlers
[答案] A. lodgers
[注释]lodger客房;resident居民(对游客而言);local residents(当地居民),temporary residents(临时居民);inhabitant(=person living in a place)居民;a small town of 5,000 inhabitants(有5,000居民的小镇);settler殖民者,移居者;White settlers in Kenya(在肯尼亚侨居的白人);immigrant移民。
386. He is the rudest man I have ever met. Jane, his present secretary, is the only person who can _____ him.
A. respect   B. stand   C. support   D. dislike
[答案] B. stand
[注释]stand (=endure, bear, put up with)忍耐,忍受;1) I can't stand that woman. 2) He cannot stand criticism.
387. The main road through Littlebury was blocked for three hours today after an accident _____ two lorries.
A. containing   B. connecting
C. involving    D. including
[答案] C. involving
[注释]involve 涉及到。例如:1) This problem involves us all. (这个问题涉及到我们大家。) 2) His work involves occasional journeys. (他的工作使他不得不时常旅行。) 3) To accept the appointment would involve living in London. (接受这项任命将不得不住在伦敦。)4)John was involved in the trouble. (约翰已陷入困境。)contain 包含,装有;connect 连接,include 包括。
388. Jane read the article over ten minutes but continued to feel the event related were _____.
A. inheritable   B. incredible
C. infeasible    D. inaccessible
[答案] B. incredible
[注释]incredible 难以置信的;inheritable可继承的;infeasible不切实际的; inaccessible不可到达的(to)。
389. In some cities it is very difficult to have a telephone _____, and people have to wait a long time before they can get a phone.
A. assembled   B. installed   C. equipped   D. repaired
[答案]B. installed
[注释]install 安装;assemble(=put together) 装配;equip装备;repaire修理。
390. _____ up children properly is mainly their parents' duty.
A. Growing   B. Rearing   C. Bringing   D. Raising
[答案]C. bringing
[注释]bring up 教育,教养,抚养大;1)The child is badly brought up. 2) I was brought
up to be honest. 参看III.17注释。grow up 成长,长大;发展,形成;1)I grew up on a farm. (我在农庄长大。) 2) The custom of going away for one's holiday has grown up during the last thirty years. (外出度假的风俗习惯是最近30年形成的。)rear培养,抚育;rear children.
raise[美国英语]养大;Where was he raised? (他在哪里长大的?) raise还有“饲养”的含义。
[注意]rear 和raise后不能接up,故本题不能选用rearing 或 raising.
391. When the teacher told the boy to sit down, he _____ to her and said she couldn't make him.
A. gave way   B. talked back
C. looked up   D. got down
[答案] B. talk back
[注释]talk back 顶嘴;1) Don't talk back to me! (别对我顶嘴!) 2) Mary talked back when her mother told her to stop watching television; she said, "I don't have to if I don't want to."
give way 让路;look up查阅;get down从......下来;记下。
392. People _____ with anyone who is always talking about how wonderful he is.
A. fall in   B. get fed up   C. keep company   D. catch up
[答案]B. get fed up
[注释]get (be) fed up with (=having had too much of something; at the end of your patience; disgusted; bored; tired)讨厌;I have had enough of his complaints. I'm fed up. (=I have heard all of the complaints I can stand.)
fall in with 符合,与......一致。参阅III.51注释。Keep company with 与......交往,结伴;catch up with 赶上。
393. Margaret liked all her classes, but she liked sewing class _____.
A. above all   B. in general   C. after all   D. in particular
[答案]D. in particular
[注释]in particular (=especially, particularly) 特别是:1) You should avoid eating fat meat, in particular pork. (你应该避免吃脂肪多的肉类,特别是猪肉。2) The speaker talked about sports in general and about football in particular.
In general 是in particular 的反义结构,从上述例2)中可以看到。about all最重要的;after all毕竟。
394. Walking down the street, she noticed a long _____ of houses, all exactly alike.
A. queue   B. rank   C. train   D. row
[答案]D. row
[注释]a row of houses (desks, books etc.) 一排房子(书桌、书等),戏院的“一排座位”即为a row of seats. queue (乘车,购物的)队,队伍。Rank(军队队列中的)排、横列。train指“(行进中的)长列,队列”;a long train of visitors(一长列参观者)。
395. The president has told his friends that he is sick but will not admit it _____.
A. in private   B. in secret   C. in public   D. in detail
[答案] C. in public
[注释]in public 公开地,当众;in private 私下;in secret秘密地; in detail 详细地。
396. The sailor _____ time to visit his family before the ship went to sea.
A. put in for     B. got round to
C. ask after      D. hold on to
[答案] A. put in for
[注释]put in for(=make an application or request) 提出申请或请求;May I put in for five days' leave? ( 我可以请5天假吗?)
get round to (doing sth.) 找到时间作某事;ask after 询问,问候;hold on to 坚持(接to 加名词)。
397. Throughout most of their lives, humans _____ learn and increase their mental capacity.
A. actually   B. readily   C. fairly   D. primarily
[答案]B. readily
[注释]readily (=with no difficulty)容易地;They can readily be bought anywhere. (这些 东西在任何地方都能容易地买到。)
actually 实际上;fairly 公平地;相当,划算;primarily主要地,首先;根本上。
398. Through exposure to air, water, and organic matter, rocks _____ changes known as weathering.
A. undergo   B. transform   C. undertake   D. suspend
[答案] A. undergo
[注释]undergo (=experience esp. suffering or difficulty) 经受:1) She underwent a thorough examination at the hospital. (她在医院接受了全面的检查。) 2) The travelers underwent many difficulties. (这些旅行者经受了许多困难。)
undertake (=take up a [position]; start on [work]) 从事,负责(某事):1) He undertook the responsibility for changes. (他负责对各种变化作出安排。)2)At first we could only undertake repair jobs. (起初我们只能干修理活。) 3) We shall undertake the construction of this bridge. (我们将负责这座桥的修建工作。)
transform 改变;suspend吊,悬挂;推迟,暂定。
399. She tried to _____ out of the window to see the procession more clearly.
A. bend   B. lean   C. bow   D. slope
[答案] B. lean
[注释]lean vi. 倚,靠;lean out of the window(倚着窗户探出身去),lean against a tree(背倚靠着树),lean back in a chair (坐在椅子上背向后倾),lean on a desk(靠在桌上),指胸对桌子。
400. The problem had become _____ in his mind, and he could not decide what to do about it.
A. simplified   B. exaggerated   C. matured   D. isolated
[答案] B. exaggerated
[注释]exaggerate(=say or believe more than the truth about sth.)夸张,夸大:It was a rabbit, not a lion. You are exaggerating as usual. (这是一只兔子,不是狮子。你经常夸大事实。)
simplify 简化;mature使成熟;isolate使孤立。

Copyright ©宁波市华宇教育培训学校   浙ICP备15021300号-2   联系电话:0574-87971026